“Preserving, Protecting and Promoting the Dakota Culture for Future Generations”
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Chris Spotted Eagle: Starting September 1st, 2008, I will take a five-month leave-of-absence to travel

Hi, everyone

Ref. KFAI’s weekly radio program, Indian Uprising, Sundays 7:00 p.m. CDT (www.kfai.org). It’s been about six years since I first volunteered to produce/host Indian Uprising.

Starting September 1st, 2008, I will take a five-month leave-of-absence to travel and take care of personal affairs/business. Friends have asked if I’m okay. Yes, I am… also, my health is good. As to who will produce/host Indian Uprising in the meantime, KFAI will decide that.

Chris Spotted Eagle


Indians Invade Mount Rushmore Reunion

For Immediate Release:
Indians Invade Mount Rushmore Reunion
Friday August 29, 2008, 11:00 am – 4:00 pm
Press Contacts:
Madonna Thunder Hawk, Co-Founder of The Black Hills Alliance – 605.441.0342
Quanah Parker Brightman, Vice President of United Native Americans Inc., U.N.A. – 415.233.3170

Native Americans to gather in Keystone, South Dakota to Commemorate the 38 Year Anniversary of the Historic Invasion and Occupation of the ”Shrine of Democracy’ Mount Rushmore and to Honor the Women of the Red Power Movement.

What: Mount Rushmore Reunion to Remember the Native American Occupation and Take Over of Mount Rushmore

When: Friday August 29th, 11:00 am to 4:00 pm
Where: Amphitheater, Mount Rushmore National Memorial Amphitheater, Keystone South Dakota
Sponsors: United Native Americans Inc. (U.N.A.), The family of Chief Lame Deer, Fast Horse Productions Inc., Co-Sponsor: American Indian Movement (AIM)

August 29, 2008 marks the 38th anniversary of the historic Mount Rushmore Occupation of 1970. Native Americans representing groups from around the country will gather to reflect on that day, renewing friendships and bonds and to honor the women of the red power movement.

On August 29th 1970, a small group of young Indians invaded Mount Rushmore, the so-called ‘national shrine of democracy’ The invasion brought together Indians form different tribes and reservations who converged to help the Lakota Oyate/Sioux Nation in their efforts to reclaim the sacred Black Hills and to force the Federal Government to be held accountable for the illegal taking of their Lands. At 7:00 pm on August 29th, after eluding authorities, the group of young natives reached the top of the mountain near the four faces of the presidents where they hung a large flag with the words: SIOUX INDIAN POWER.

The Paha Sapa – The Black Hills-is a sacred place for all Lakota people.
It is where all Lakota life began, where our creation stories originate from ‘The heart of everything that is.’

United Native Americans is sponsoring the reunion of this historic event that honors and recognizes the women of the Red Power Movement such as Madonna Thunder Hawk, Martha Fast Horse and Maxine Bordeaux – Warrior Women who have fought and continue to fight for native rights, protection, family and community, treaty rights, human rights, civil rights, environmental justice and cultural preservation. The younger generation will have the opportunity to experience living history with presentations planned, and by listening in the oral tradition to elders who were part of the original occupation.

The reunion will also recognize the United Nations International Day for the Worlds Indigenous Peoples adopted in 2007. In observance of this day, we Demand that the Fort Laramie Treaty of 1868 be Recognized and Honored by The United States of America. U.S. Courts have recognized the illegality of these actions and offer modest payments, but the Lakota Oyate/Sioux Nation Remain determined to get the Black Hills Returned to our Tribal Communities. We will not accept any amount of money for our sacred sites. In the words of Lehman Brightman-President of U.N.A.- The Principal Leader of the invasion, who was asked how long the Native people intended to stay, replied. ‘As long as the grass grows, the water flows and the sun shines.’

For More Information Visit:

www. myspace. com/thewashichustolethepahasa

“In the Eye of the Hurricane: By Jerry Lopez.

A few years ago I co-produced the below documentary. Due to many local requests we will be showing it again for the first time in 4 years.  Please join us for this great opportunity to better understand mass convergences, local impacts, and how low income and communities of color are effected by these large protests. The showing is FREE. If you know anyone who might be interested, please forward them this email and the attachment to them.  Thank you. Jerry Lopez

RNC Week – Video Showing and Critical Dialogue

Wednesday September 3, 2008 at 7:30 pm

“In the Eye of the Hurricane:

People of Color Resisting Corporate Globalization”

(A critical analysis of the 2003 FTAA protests in Miami)

A group of community organizers from the Twin Cities traveled to      Miami in November of 2003 to document the protests taking place against the Free Trade Agreement of the Americas ministerial.

While most of the international media were focusing on the police state that authorities created by using tear gas, rubber bullets and tasers on protesters, the Sin Fronteras Video Collective focused on the organizing efforts of the Root Cause Coalition.

Root Cause was a low income people of color led coalition.  Focusing on housing issues and environmental racism and farm worker justice in south Florida. The Root Cause Coalition was joined by activists from the Global South to bring to world’s attention the impacts of globalization and neoliberal policies on low income communities of color.

Critical questions raised by Root Cause

Relevant to the RNC protests

Taking place in our hometown of St. Paul:

· Who are most directly impacted by the policies of the Republicans and Neo-Conservatives around the globe and here at home?
· Where are those voices in our movements of resistance?

· Who gets to decide our tactics and strategies of resistance?

· How do issues of racism and white paternalism impact our abilities to build a broad base movement for social change?

RNC Week – Video Showing and Critical Dialogue

“In the Eye of the Hurricane:

People of Color resisting Corporate Globalization”
Wednesday, September 3, 2008
7:30 pm

Multicultural Indigenous Academy
133 East 7th Street, 4th Floor
Saint Paul, MN 55101

“Native Nations: Uniting for Change”


Alyssa Macy
Tel: 414.526.2633
Email: nativenationsunitingforchange@gmail.com

“Native Nations: Uniting for Change” Event to Be Held August 27 in Conjunction with Democratic National Convention
DENVER, COAUGUST 25, 2008 – To honor and celebrate Native Americans‘ historic engagement in the political process this year, a truly unique event, “Native Nations: Uniting for Change“, will be held on Wednesday, August 27th at the Denver Art Museum. The event will be held to honor the Congressional Native American Caucus and the Native American Delegates to the Democratic National Convention (DNC).

“This event will celebrate the nomination of Sen. Barack Obama as the Democratic Presidential Nominee and bring together tribal leaders, U.S. Senators, Members of the House of Representatives, and other friends of Indian country for a day of discussion, education, networking, Native American art, and live performances,” said Mark Macarro, Tribal Chairman, Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians and DNC Platform Committee Member.

The DNC in Denver will highlight the increasingly important role of Native Americans in the electing of America’s leaders. The 2008 DNC will include a record number of Native delegates as Native voices are being heard like never before. Native American leaders describe the 2008 Election year as historic and marked by an unprecedented effort by the candidates to pay heed to tribal communities and concerns. The Native vote this year could very well decide the outcome in key battleground states.

Joe A. Garcia, President of the National Congress of American Indians, will serve as moderator for the policy forum from 2 – 4 p.m. on Wednesday. Topic areas to be discussed include the Native American Plank of the Democratic Platform, A New Administration – Honoring the Government to Government Relationship, Indian Country’s Request for the Presidential Transition Plan, and Legislative Priorities Outlooks.

Native Nations Reception, 4:00 – 7:00 p.m.
This innovative reception will include a Native American art exhibition, Native inspired multi-media presentations and food, as well as a live art performance by painter Bunky Echo-Hawk (Pawnee/Yakama). Echo-Hawk will create a painting beginning at 5 p.m. that will be inspired by the historic role that Native Americans are playing in this year’s presidential election. In addition, there will be musical performances by Meighan Meisters, a young First Nations artist. The reception will be held in Ponti Hall in the North Building of the Denver Art Museum.

Democratic National Convention Viewing Party, 7:00 – 9:00 p.m.
A live feed of the DNC will be provided for all attendees in the Ponti Hall in the North Building of the Denver Art Museum.

Native Nations After Party, 9:00 – 11:00 p.m.
The after party will include live music and entertainment in the Ponti Hall in the North Building of the Denver Art Museum.

Native Nations: Uniting for Change is sponsored by the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians, the Gila River Indian Community, the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, the Pechanga Band of Luiseño Indians, the San Manuel Band of Mission Indians, and the Seneca Nation of Indians and is organized by NVisionIt LLC, a Colorado-based, Native-owned firm.

For more information and media requests, please contact Alyssa Macy, NVisionIt LLC Director of Communications, at 414.526.2633 or via email at nativenationsunitingforchange@gmail.com.

The last major legs of the Great Plains/Great Prairie Sacred Sites Run 2008

The last major legs of the Great Plains/Great Prairie Sacred Sites Run 2008 will be in the Milwaukee Area: Labor Day weekend and the following weekend at Indian Summer Festival, Sept. 6-7.  Below is the schedule of WI events.  Fell free to pass on to your contacts.

Please join us for the Aztalan to Milwaukee Run/Walk on Labor Day weekend, Aug. 30 and 31, and Sept 1.  Then the following weekend, come find our SSR literature table Saturday and Sunday (Sept. 6-7) at Indian Summer Festival (ISF) at the lakefront and join us that Sunday morning Sept. 7 for the ceremonies: 8 AM at the Lake Park Mound (Locust St. and Lake Dr.); Walk/Run to Summerfest grounds at 9 AM and then at 10AM–Indian Summer religious service honoring sacred sites and Native harvests.

We have had a strong year of running; political work (especially with the Dakota and Crow Creek); good coverage in the Native press; and just enough money to do our work.  Check out all the good things at our Indian Summer Festival literature table; sign our petition for protection of sacred sites; come meet the runners and writers in Earth Keeper Voices for Native America; and join our work this autumn and next year for SSR 2009.

Late Summer/Autumn 2008 SSR schedule:

Aug 15, 16: Run honoring mounds of Montello, WI, and educational event

Labor Day weekend: Run/Walk from Aztalan State Park to Milwaukee:

Relay 20 miles per day with Milwaukee area Indigenous runners from Aztalan Mounds State Park, Aztalan, WI to Milwaukee Lake Park Mound.

Saturday August 30, at 7:00 AM the relay begins at Aztalan.

Sunday August 31, at 7:00 AM continue the run.

Monday September 1, 7:00 AM the run picks up and enters Milwaukee.

[Probable route: Hiway B from Aztalan, 16 miles to Oconomowoc (possible stop near Aurora Medical Center disturbed mound); highways to Waukesha, then to West Allis State Fair Park mound; and then 7 miles into Milwaukee.]

For exact times, routes, locations of circle gatherings, contact Ben Yahola: (414) 383-7072 or email at humoti@yahoo.com

Thurs. Sept. 4: “The Water Speaks” Conference: Native Perspectives on the Great Lakes, 6 AM to 4:30 PM; Discovery World, at Pier Wisconsin, Milwaukee lakefront. Look for SSR table.

Sat./Sun. Sept. 6, 7  Indian Summer Festival at Milwaukee’s lakefront (literature  table Sat. and Sunday, plus Sunday ceremony at 10 AM)

Sept. 20 Fall Equinox Gathering, Milwaukee, WI

Thurs., Sept. 18th-Sun. 21st: “Growing Food & Justice-for-All Initiative,” WI State Fairgrounds, Milwaukee, Wisconsin [Ben Yahola, presenter; Winona LaDuke also presents]

Oct 4 Honoring mounds in WI

Sacred Sites Run 2006-2010 and

Earth Keeper Voices of Native America (EKVNA)

c/o  Ben Yahola: (414) 383-7072 or email at humoti@yahoo.com

Joseph Anderson’s Academic Achievement Award

It’s an award that is given to 5% of students in Minnesota of every age group. It is given to students who have been good in class, gets all A’s, and participates in class discussions. His family is so proud of him. The Mendota Community is also proud of him.

DAKO 1121: Beginning Dakota I

DAKO 1121: Beginning Dakota I
Section 002
09/02/2008 – 12/10/2008
M,Tu,W,Th 6:00 P.M. – 7:15 P.M.
5 credits
Instructor: TBA

This class will be be an excellent opportunity for community members who
are not able to take courses during the workday, and to apply the Dakota
Iapi Continuing Education Student Scholarship!

Remember, both Dakota and Ojibwe language scholarships are due on
Friday, August 15th
, so don’t forget to apply!

Miguel Vargas
Community Outreach Coordinator
American Indian Studies Department
19 Scott Hall
72 Pleasant St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455


Please read and sign this about the Minnesota River.

The Washington D.C. based American Rivers organization has posted a new e-mail action alert for the Minnesota River on their national web site.
You can view it by clicking on this link:


and take it from there.  Please do so today.


Patrick J. Moore 1-877-269-2873.

VOICES: Copper thieves at Coldwater

VOICES: Copper thieves at Coldwater

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Coldwater Spring House and Reservoir by Susu Jeffrey

July 27, 2008

The abandoned Bureau of Mines buildings around Coldwater Spring have been a magnet for gang graffiti, homeless people seeking shelter, and after-hours adventurism since 1995. Homeless people get ushered out, unleashed dog walkers get tickets. So go the priorities at Hennepin County’s last natural spring, a mile south of Minnehaha Falls.

Since 1805 when Lt. Zebulon Pike signed a treaty for a fort on the Mississippi, Coldwater has been “federal.” Good thing, because our state allowed the powerful Department of Transportation (MnDOT) to carve up Fort Snelling’s river bluff with roads and freeways and the airport.

Of course the confluence of the Mississippi and Minnesota rivers, the “meeting of waters,” would traditionally be a place for the meeting of peoples—but the Mississippi is also the drinking water source for 18-million Americans.

MnDOT still plans to expand Highway 55 into a freeway from Interstate 94 south to the 62 Crosstown, further threatening the spring outflow. The other sacred spring in Hennepin County, the Great Medicine Spring (Theodore Wirth Park), was permanently dewatered with construction of Interstate 394 in the late 1980s.

Only federal level protection can force MnDOT to pay for protecting the spring’s source water because most freeway construction money is federal-with-strings.
Native Americans are only recognized at the federal, nation-to-nation, level. Native Americans have legally recognized sacred site rights at majestic landscapes like Bear Butte, or Coldwater. Coldwater still flows at 90-thousand gallons a day above the only true river gorge on the entire Mississippi River.

Coldwater has been flowing at least 10,000 years.

False Economy

Since 1995, the amount of federal money for contract security exceeds the $1.1 million estimated (2001) cost of removing/recycling all 11 buildings and roads inside the 27-acre Coldwater campus.

Early Friday, June 27, a federal security contractor noticed open doors to Building 9—the small, northern-most building closest to the Coldwater entrance. It is the former library for the Bureau of Mines complex where taconite was developed after World War 2. The library was built atop a wetland and is so infected with black mold a respirator is required.

Whoever stripped the copper tubing out of the moldy building could develop respiratory distress—sinus, allergy and asthma complications. Coldwater’s wildlife is probably sensitive enough to toxic odors to keep out.

One hawk got trapped behind a window pane in the Crusher Building, across from Coldwater Reservoir where the pigeons roost. Luckily the hawk was freed by a staffer from the Minnehaha Creek Watershed District during a site tour. The Crusher Building is the old Bureau of Mines most popular break-in location. Guards routinely catch bored kids looking to test their manhood inside with the dead pigeons and guano.

What is Security at Coldwater?

Since Coldwater is the last natural spring of size in Hennepin County and has been used as an emergency drinking water supply, protecting and maintaining the 90-thousand-gallon-a-day water source should be the priority.

But in our upside-down economy, abandoned buildings are the focus of security efforts at Coldwater. The Minneapolis-Saint Paul airport directs about 10 percent of all flights over the Main Building and spring. The old buildings get checked daily, sometimes broken windows get boarded. Three months after a solar battery panel was swiped from atop the Crusher Building, the theft was noticed. The panel supplied electricity to MnDOT’s flow measuring box, which has since been removed.

After construction ended on the Highway 55/62 interchange site, MnDOT was court-ordered to monitor the Coldwater reservoir discharge for 30 months. MnDOT’s numbers recorded a 27,500-gallon-a-day drop in the flow. Despite a state law mandating no “loss of flow to or from the spring,” MnDOT sunk the 55/62 interchange 6.5-feet down into the water table. Thirty percent of Coldwater’s flow came through the interchange area according to dye tests.

The 55 reroute was sold to the public for “safety” and as a three-minute time-savings on a trip to the airport from downtown Minneapolis. That’s as corny as mushroom clouds and WMDs in Iraq but information overload shorts out public memory in America.

Nevertheless, flying citizens are protected by a prohibition on tree planting at Coldwater due to height restrictions. Of course, someone with a shoulder mortar could easily bring down a flight, but don’t dare plant a tree. Now that we are in our second airline crisis since 9/11, phantom minute-savings on unaffordable flights seem—well, nostalgic.

The security subcontract at Coldwater is handled by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS). Since 1995 there has been no landscape maintenance on the 27 acres, allowing invasive, exotic buckthorn and garlic mustard to shade out and overtake indigenous plants. Native plants that held the steep Mississippi bluff in place died back. The result has been massive erosion of the hillside behind the spring outflow, the west side of the reservoir.

Coldwater’s reservoir is silting up. Occasionally water cress grows in the shallows, which previously were five feet deep. Last fall, the National Park Service authorized FWS to destroy the labyrinth at Coldwater. FWS directed the destroyers to dump the rocks that outlined the labyrinth into the erosion gully behind and above the spring. Rocks, unlike plant roots, do not hold soil. Increased pressure on the west reservoir wall and freeze-and-thaw weather are toppling the old limestone.

In other words, neglect is causing the destruction of the historic 1880s Spring House and limestone reservoir that furnished water to Fort Snelling until 1920. Eric Evenson, of the Minnehaha Creek Watershed District, explained that stabilization of the hillside requires work at the bottom and the top of the incline and costs more as the damage wears on.

Bush’s Bureaucratic Do-Nothing Interior Department

Coldwater is a federal orphan left over from Congress’s 1995 dissolution of the US Bureau of Mines, part of the Department of the Interior (DOI). Under Bush-2 the DOI attempted to sell off millions of acres, about a quarter of all its land holdings, to profit from or to privatize America’s natural heritage.

For $6 million, the 27-acre Coldwater campus was scheduled to be sold to the Twin Cities airport for multi-level, off-site parking and storage. They almost “paved paradise and put up a parking lot.” But 9/11 happened and the financial collapse of the country’s airlines caused Northwest to pull out of the contract.

In 2003, former Congressman Martin Sabo won a $750,000 appropriation “to protect the Camp Coldwater Spring and restore the Bureau of Mines property to open green space.” This crashed the dreams of U.S. Fish and Wildlife to move its regional offices out of the Whipple Building to Coldwater’s park-like setting.

FWS handled the daily management of the property, a sort of yard work and handyman nuisance for staff in an office beside the airport in Fort Snelling’s Whipple Building. A hostile relationship developed between Coldwater supporters and the FWS, which landed in federal court with an 1805 Dakota treaty rights case. FWS blinked and the case was dismissed.

The process to determine “the future of former Bureau of Mines” was allotted to the National Park Service (NPS). This duty resulted in an 11-pound Environmental Impact Statement and thousands of hours and pieces of paper that came before and after. Coldwater is part of the Fort Snelling National Historic Landmark, the Fort Snelling National Register Historic District and is eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places. All the paperwork is in. It has been “in” for years.

Since Sabo’s retirement, no Minnesota champion has pushed for an urban wilderness, a Green Museum where the land is the museum.

While we wait, about 20 carp are circling in the Coldwater reservoir. Somebody dumped the carp last fall. Fish dumping is illegal. The carp didn’t die, they’re not indigenous, and who knows how many carp eggs flushed down the gorge into the Mississippi.

We are trying to figure out why Coldwater’s invisible status is a blessing. July is the time of the Blessing moon, probably an old agriculture reference to lush fruits and vegetables available in mid-summer. Are we waiting for a new federal administration to appoint a new secretary of Interior? Are we waiting for another spring melt to see how much hillside is left behind the spring outflow?

While the government vacillates, the landscape deteriorates.

Susu Jeffrey is the founder of Friends of Coldwater, which recommends National Park Service ownership of 50 acres of Mississippi bluffland from Minnehaha Park to Fort Snelling. Info: www.FriendsofColdwater.org.

Can you help Dan the Oakman

Dan has been taking care of the 4 sacred trees for a long time now. He could use some help. We need someone to help with watering the trees. If you can help please email mendotadakota@gmail.com or call the office 651-452-4141, or email dantheoakman@yahoo.com

I will calling to the church today and see if we can use there water.  We will have to have about 3 or 4 holes.  If anyone has any hole’s they can donate that would be great. Sharon

First we need to see if the church will let us use there water.

Other wise we need to get 5 gallon buckets of water, and carry them to the trees.


On July 20th, I was at lake Harriet when I noticed a group that was fishing. I was greeted by everybody’s warm spirit and I witnessed the fishing event and the gathering afterwards. A leaflet was available at the event about Minnesota’s Sesquicentennial 150 years of statehood 150 years of lies. I took one and read it. I felt that it was obvious that I should work to share this info.

I asked one of participants if I could reproduce that leaflet on a website project that I’m involved at. I’m writing to let you know that I have just published the content of that leaflet in the “members publications” section on TCPedia. The website is called TCPedia, it stands for the Twin Cities Encyclopedia.. and it is a community project written by individuals for the benefit of all, it’s aimed at empowering the community and individuals by offering a ‘voice’ online and the ability to share knowledge and gain instant publicity through multiple free tools (through Member’s Publications, Local Listings, Classifieds, Events Calendar, Ratings and Comments along with a quick inclusion into Google search engine results for the world to find).This is free.

The URL to this article is:

Thank you for allowing me to help in a small way by posting these facts online. Please feel free to review the text, leave comments. Please allow TCPedia to help you in any way, you can publish more articles, and add your organization to the Local Listings (It’s a community directory that allows you to have a whole page online with images etc…this is similar to the Yellow Pages but offers more space and flexibility ). You are also welcome to add events to the TC Events calendar these will also be found by google hopefully gaining you more visibility and a stronger ‘voice’ online.

Should you need any help, if you have suggestions, or if you would like me to create a listing for you I’d be glad to do so, you could provide me with the text you’d like added to the local listing I also could write a quick summary from the info found on your website and I’m sure that TCPedia will generate traffic to your website and also Google will index that information.

Everything I mentioned above is free, TCPedia is a free website, with a goal to help you help yourself and help others..  Just by sharing info. When you publish something to get the word out or give your opinion you not only help yourself but others who ‘needed’ to read that info.

Thank you. Ethan

Waziyatawin, Ph.D.

Longest Walk II converged in Washington, D.C.

Posted: July 18, 2008
by: Lisa Garrigues / Today correspondent
Northern, southern routes converge to deliver manifestoWASHINGTON – After five months of walking across the United States to draw attention to Native and environmental issues, the northern and southern routes of the Longest Walk II converged in Washington, D.C., July 11 and were greeted by more than 1,000 people.

The walk commemorated the 30-year anniversary of the 1978 Longest Walk, which was held to protest the United States’ refusal to honor Indian treaties.

The 2008 walk, under the theme ”All Life is Sacred: Clean Up Mother Earth,” successfully drew attention to universal issues like global warming, as well as the hard issues currently affecting Native communities, said Dennis Banks, organizer of the walk.

Banks, flanked by a crowd of walkers, delivered a manifesto to Rep. John Conyers, D-Mich., in a park near the Capitol building.

Volunteers had stayed up all night working on the manifesto, which was the culmination of 8,000 miles of walking and visits to Native communities in more than 26 states.

”What we have come to understand alarms us greatly,” they wrote. ”Many of the same issues that were presented to the Longest Walk in 1978 are ongoing issues that have not changed or have even worsened.”

The manifesto specifically mentioned health, environmental exploitation, poverty and Native mascots as ongoing issues.

Sixteen resolutions in the manifesto asked Congress to enact legislation to protect Native sacred sites, ensure Native consent and sovereignty over actions affecting their lands, and halt resource exploitation and environmental damage in the Arizona Peaks, Pilot Knob, Glen Cove, the Colorado River, Black Mesa and Desert Rock.

A call for improved Indian health services, the ratification of the U.N. Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, federal recognition for the Houma Tribe, freedom for Leonard Peltier and the establishment of an Environmental Bill of Rights were among the other resolutions.

There has already been talk at international conferences of implementing an environmental bill of rights, Banks said.

”I think that’s important,” he stressed. ”Does the air have a right to remain the way it is? I believe it has.”

Conyers promised to establish an investigative committee to look into the issues brought up in the manifesto.

In a ceremony near the Washington Monument, Banks officially retired as a leader of the American Indian Movement, an organization he started with other Native activists in the late 1960s. He said he would continue to stay active as an elder and adviser, and passed four staffs on to younger Native leaders.

A pow wow was held near the Museum of the American Indian July12 and 13.

Performer Harry Belafonte, actress Darryl Hannah and activist Dick Gregory showed up to offer their support.

The walkers, who started with a sunrise ceremony on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Feb. 11, included Natives and non-Natives from all over the continent, as well as Japanese and Europeans.

Of the several hundred walkers and supporters who pitched their tents in Greenbelt Park outside Washington, approximately 20 had walked the entire way. But thousands participated along the two routes by walking, picking up trash, carrying water and luggage, preparing food, and greeting the walkers with pow wows and other events.

Those who walked endured aching muscles, blisters, torn ligaments and other injuries along the way. Tempers flared, and chaos and unpredictability were constant companions. But new friendships and alliances were formed, and tribes and communities along the way repeatedly told walkers they brought not only the flags, prayers and songs of many nations with them, but also hope.

For the walkers who made it ”all the way” to Washington, D.C., the journey was worth it.

”I did this walk to pay my respects to my auntie and my cousin who did the walk 30 years ago and helped out a lot of Native communities,” said Willie Sittinghorse Kirk, Chippewa/Cree, who started in Alcatraz and also raised funds by dancing.

”I’m really glad that I did this, because everybody needs to experience something good in their lives. And for me, this was good.”

Descendants of Sitting Bull want bones moved, reburied

Descendants of Sitting Bull want bones moved, reburied
Great-grandson aims to end controversy, exploitation of tomb

of the Gazette StaffHis remaining great-grandchildren want Sitting Bull to finally rest in peace outside the public eye and away from commercial or public monuments where his memory could be exploited.

Great-grandson Ernie LaPointe said Tuesday that he and his elder sister would like their famous ancestor’s bones removed from a tomb on the Standing Rock Reservation in South Dakota and reburied somewhere that only the family would know.

About a year ago, the family announced it wanted Sitting Bull buried at Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, where the Sioux spiritual leader had gathered the greatest alliance of Sioux, Cheyenne and Arapaho on the Northern Plains on June 25, 1876.

But LaPointe said opposition from some Custer buffs while he attended anniversary commemorations in Hardin during the last weekend in June, plus his sister’s objection to burying their great-grandfather within the boundaries of the Crow Reservation, changed his mind. The Crow were traditional enemies of the Sioux and acted as scouts for the U.S. Army during the 1876 campaign.

“My sister is pretty wise,” he said. “She suggested we do like Crazy’s Horse’s family did – put him back in the earth where nobody else will know. In my heart I agree with her and a lot of other guys felt that way, too.”

La Pointe has been trying to remove Sitting Bull’s remains from a grave near Mobridge, S.D., where developers propose a recreational development and museum around the site. LaPointe and his sisters strongly oppose the plan, contending that it was people on Standing Rock who killed Sitting Bull and that his grave should not be used as the centerpiece of a commercial development.

He has been trying to deal with the state of South Dakota to get the needed permits to remove the remains.

“It will end the controversy and stop the exploitation,” LaPointe said of the new plan. “Basically remains should go back to the earth and not be commercialized and marked with headstones. Our people never had headstones in the old days.”

Another controversy he wants to put to rest is whether the bones buried in South Dakota are really those of his revered ancestor. Almost from the beginning, there have been doubts about who is actually is in the grave. Stories are told on the Fort Peck Reservation in Montana of chiefs who took the body from its original grave at Fort Yates and took it secretly to Canada for reburial.

If remains can be exhumed, a scientist in Copenhagen, Denmark, specializing in ancient DNA, has agreed to compare them to the DNA of Sitting Bull’s living relatives.

“If it’s not him, then it’s over and the remains can be turned over to whoever they belong to,” LaPointe said.


Ampetu Waste’

Maka Wakan Winyan

Jim Anderson, Chris Mato Nunpa, Waziyatawin Angela Wilson

Indian Uprising

KFAI’s Indian Uprising for May 4, 2008 from 7:00 – 8:00 p.m. CDT #264

Statehood – now reaching one hundred and fifty years. “On May 11, 2008, Minnesota will reach its 150th anniversary as the 32nd state in the United States of America. Beginning in January 2008, the Sesquicentennial will be a year long, statewide commemoration and a catalyst, to learn from our past and connect all of us as Minnesotans in creating a thriving, innovative future.” – 2007 Minnesota Sesquicentennial Commission.

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