Little Crow the the 3rd ThaÃ³yate DÃºta.
Little Crow IIIÂ (Dakota:Â ThaÃ³yate DÃºta;Â c.Â 1810 â€“ July 3, 1863) was a chief of a band of theÂ MdewakantonÂ people. The Mdewakanton had been displaced by theÂ Ojibwe/ChippewaÂ from their ancestoral lands around Milacs Lake. They relocated to the east side of theÂ Mississippi river, between Wakan tipi and the Pigseye wetlands, until the area was ceded by treaty. TheÂ KaposiaÂ tribe moved across the river from theÂ wetlandsÂ to what is nowÂ South St. PaulÂ where Little Crow was born. There were at least three chiefs called Little Crow, including his grandfather Cetanwakanmani (ÄŒhetÃ¡Å‹ WakhÃºwa MÃ¡ni,Â literally “Hawk that hunts walking”) who was called “Petit Corbeau” by the French; his father Wakinyantanka “Big Thunder”; and most famously, Taoyateduta himself. The exact origins of the European name “Little Crow” are unclear. Some have suggested that it was a mistranslation of “Sparrowhawk,” while others have explained that the men were known to carry the wings of a crow on their backs or dangling from their belts.
Little Crow is notable for his role in negotiating theÂ Treaty of Traverse des SiouxÂ and theÂ Treaty of MendotaÂ in 1851. In the second he agreed to move his people to a narrow reservation on either side of theÂ Minnesota RiverÂ in exchange for annuities and goods. In the summer of 1862, the federal government failed to deliverÂ annuitiesÂ on time, leading to widespread starvation among the Dakota. There were rumors that the ‘Great Council’ of Congress had expended all their gold fighting theÂ Civil WarÂ and did not have the money.Â Little Crow agreed, reluctantly at first, to support the decision of a Dakota war council in August 1862 to try to drive the settlers out of the region, and led several battles in theÂ Dakota War of 1862.
Little Crow was shot and killed on July 3, 1863, by two settlers, a father and son. They scalped him and took his body toÂ Hutchinson, Minnesota, where it was displayed and mutilated. The State paid the father $500 for killing Little Crow, and paid the son $75 for his scalp. Later his remains were exhumed by Army troops. In 1868 theÂ Minnesota Historical SocietyÂ acquired the scalp for display, joined later by the skull and wrist bones.Â In 1971 the society returned the State’s trophies to his grandson. He reunited his grandfather’s remains and had them reinterred at theÂ First Presbyterian Church and Cemetery (Flandreau, South Dakota). Little Crow’s burial site was listed on theÂ National Register of Historic PlacesÂ in 2017.