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Various titles on American Indian Studies

Digital Librarian: a librarian’s choice of the best of the Web
Digital Librarian is maintained by Margaret Vail Anderson, a librarian in Cortland, New York

American Indian Studies

See Also: Central New York: Native Americans | Electronic Texts | History | Images | Latin American Resources | Southwest | Yurts and Tipis

Aboriginal Canada Portal – “Links to the following sites in an organized manner: National Aboriginal Organizations, 12 Federal Government departments with Aboriginal mandates, all Provincial Governments and organizations with Aboriginal responsibilities, as well as all related Aboriginal community information.”
Aboriginal Peoples Television Network – First network of its kind in the world, the APTN began broadcasting in Canada in September 1999.
Resources for Aboriginal Studies – University of Saskatchewan Libraries and the University of Saskatchewan Archives. Consists of databases for photographs, Archival Material, Native Law Cases (with List of Cases), Northwest Resistance and several others. You can actually access the photographs in the collection and, although the images are relatively small, there are some gems: “Kooyook “a young Inuit woman from the Eastern Arctic, mixes dough for bannock in her tent at Lake Harbour, Northwest Territories. Her child is [in an armaut] on her back (1951)”, “Mrs. Andela Solomon (Patuanak), then 75 years old, working on a birch bark basket: an art she learned from her mother (1961),” Prosper John (ca 1938) and Yankine Whitecap and Wife (ca 1915.
Administration for Native Americans – U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children and Families. See also the Office of Community Services Division of Tribal Services page.

AIROS: American Indian Radio on Satellite – “National distribution system for Native programming to Tribal communities and to general audiences through Native American and other public radio stations as well as the Internet.” With programming via Real Audio 24 hours a day. You can Listen Live. There are Native Producer Profile Podcasts on:
Michelle Danforth (Oneida)
Gary Robinson
Patricia Loew
Julianna Brannum
Dustinn Craig
Terry Jones
Kimberley Lyman
Suree Towfighnia
Courtney Hermann
George Burdeau
Beverly Morris
Bennie Klain
Akwesasne Mohawk Cultural Center – Hogansburg, New York.

Akwesasne Notes Magazine – Kahniakehaka Nation ,Akwesasne Mohawk Territory, Rooseveltown, New York. (518-358-3326)
Dating the Iroquois Confederacy by Bruce E. Johansen, Akwesasne Notes, Fall, October/November/December, 1995, Volume 1, #3 & 4, pp. 62-63. See also Johansen’s Forgotten Founders: Benjamin Franklin, the Iroquois and the Rationale for the American Revolution (1982)

Alaska Digital Archive – Provides access to over 5,000 historical phhotographs and objects. Among them:
Dance-House, Koutznahoo [Kootznahoo], Alaska (ca. 1896-1920) by Vincent Soboleff
Baby Sleeping in Swing (ca. 1900) – ASL-P87-0180
Nepcetaq Mask – UA2002-010-0005
Eagle-headed dagger – UA92-001-0001-2
Sealskin Belt and Pouch – UA64-021-0137-2
Babiche Bag – 0900-0024
Beaded Boots – UA97-025-0049AB
Beaded Mitten – UA68-005-0001AB
Beaded Moccasins – UA2002-007-0007AB

Amateur Athletic Foundation of Los Angeles – From the Search Page you can view the full-text of a number of periodicals including Outing from 1883 to 1899. A sampling of articles from Outing and more recent sources:
Lacrosse by Ross Mackenzie, Outing, October, 1892, Vol. XXI, No. 1, p. 76-80.
Lacrosse in the United States by J. A. Hodge, Outing, March, 1886, Vol. VII, No. 6, p. 665-676.
P&egravere Lacombe, A Wilderness Apostle of the North by Agnes C. Laut, Outing, April, 1905, Vol. XLVI, No. 1, p. 1-15.
The Indian Festival at Taos by James A. LeRoy, Outing, December, 1903, Vol. XLIII, No. 3, p. 282-288.
Medicinal Games – Rites of the Iroquoian Linguistic Family by Michael A. Salter, North American Society For Sport History. Proceedings And Newsletter, 1973, p. 30-31.
Playing for the Creator: Iroquois Nationalism and Cultural Sovereignty Through Lacrosse by Donald M. Fisher, North American Society For Sport History. Proceedings And Newsletter, 1997, p. 49.
American Indian and Alaska Native Areas 1990 Census – U.S. Census Bureau
American Indian College Fund – Denver. With information on colleges.
American Indian Environmental Office – EPA
American Indian Ethnobotany Database – Subtitled “Foods, Drugs, Dyes, and Fibers of Native North American Peoples”; Dan Moerman, Professor of Anthropology, University of Michigan
American Indian Heritage Foundation
American Indian Higher Education Consortium (AIHEC) – Provides links to Tribal Colleges.
American Indian Library Association
American Indian Movement Grand Govering Council
American Indian Observed: Sketches and Documents From the Collections of the Archives of American Art – Artists include George Catlin, Charles Henry Humphriss, Olive Rush, Allen Tupper True, Dorothy Newkirk Stewart, W. (Wilfred) Langdon Kihn and Edwin Willard Deming. Among the online exhibitions at the Archives of American Art are Selections from the George Catlin Papers. There are oral history interviews witb artists who talk about their interest in Indian subject matter: Donal Hord, Oscar Collier, Fritz Scholder, and Louise Nevelson.
American Indian Resources – Subtitled A Library of Native American literature, culture, education, history, issues and language, and part of the larger Multicultural Resources site, these links have been organized and annotated by Will Karkavelas of Osaka University.
American Indian Studies Research Institute – Indiana University, Bloomington.
American Indian Law Review – University of Oklahoma College of Law. (Index only.)
American Indian Research Project – South Dakota Oral History Center. “Contains over 1,900 taped interviews, 70 percent of which were gathered in the field between 1967 and 1973.” Except for one sample, the interviews are not online, but there is a partial index and you can order transcripts.
American Indian Studies: A Bibliographic Guide (1995) – By Phillip M. White. Parts of this book are available in Google Books.
American Indian Tribal Directory – Provided by the American Indian Heritage Foundation.
American Indian Tribal Portal – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, American Indian Environmental Office.
EPA Regions
American Indians: A Select Catalog of NARA Microfilm Publications – National Archives microfilm publications “that relate directly to American Indians, to the formation of federal Indian policy, and to the personnel who created or enforced that policy. The catalog is divided into civilian agency records and military establishment records. In each section, the publications containing the most information about Indians are listed first” followed by a roll-by-roll listing of the contents. Includes information on how to order the microfilm.”
American Indians of the Pacific Northwest – “This digital collection integrates over 2,300 photographs and 7,700 pages of text relating to the American Indians in two cultural areas of the Pacific Northwest, the Northwest Coast and Plateau. These resources illustrate many aspects of life and work, including housing, clothing, crafts, transportation, education, and employment. The materials are drawn from the extensive collections of the University of Washington Libraries, the Cheney Cowles Museum/Eastern Washington State Historical Society in Spokane, and the Museum of History and Industry in Seattle.” Also accessible via the Library of Congress.

American Journeys: Eyewitness Accounts of Early American Exploration and Settlement – This is a valuable resource for schools and universities. Funded by the U.S. Institute of Museum & Library Services and by private donors, American Journeys is a collaborative project of the Wisconsin Historical Society and National History Day. Examples of texts include:
Voyage Made by M. John Hawkins Esquire, 1565
Catlin’s North American Indian Portfolio
Wabanip’s Speech to Assembled Iroquois Chiefs, April 30, 1798
Joseph Brant’s Speech to British Government Concerning Indian Land Claims, Niagara, October 22, 1796
Moravian Journals Relating to Central New York, 1745-66
Trial of the Indians of Acoma, 1598
Account of Florida, 1566-1568

American Museum of Natural History – New York. The Library provides access to Online Catalog. The Collections Database provides access to over 50,000 images and catalog descriptions from the North American Ethnographic Collection. You can search by culture, material, object name, catalog no., locale or donor name. A search for Catalog item E/ 2334 will retrieve the images of two Tlingit baskets. A search for ornament (object name) will retrieve over 800 images and a search for Plains (culture) and bead (material) will retrieve over 700 including a buffalo robe (50 / 5860). An object name search for kachina retrieves 239 items. There are some lovely Navaho blankets (50.2/ 6840, 50.2/ 6841, 50.2/ 6842, 50 / 2091) and bracelets (50.2/ 4168, 50.2/ 4169, 50.2/ 4171, 50 / 6356 A, 50.2/ 2394). Searching by donor is particularly rewarding: try Auchincloss, Morgan, Wissler, Spinden, Boas, Harvey, Mead, Jesup, Peabody (baskets), or Emmons. Search for object name: amulet, apron, armlet, bag, ball, basket, beadwork, belt, bowl, brooch, canoe, carving, charm, club, coat, comb, cradle board (baby board), cup, dance, dice, doll, feather, fetish, fish, gambling, game, hat, headband, headdress, jacket, jar, knife, labret, lance, leggings, mask, medicine bundle, mittens, model, moccasin, necklace, paddle, parfleche, pipe, pottery, pouch, prayer stick, purse, rattle, robe, saddle, sheath, snowshoes (snow shoe), spear, spoon, tomahawk, totem pole, toy, tray, wampum.
American Native Press Archives – The mission of the Sequoyah National Research Center is “to acquire and preserve the writings and ideas of Native North Americans.”

American Philosophical Society – Founded by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia in 1743. The Library houses over 180,000 volumes and bound periodicals, six million manuscripts, and thousands of maps and prints. You can search MOLE, the Manuscripts Online Guide and VOLE, the Vaughan Online Catalog, and there are Finding Aids and Subject Guides. Collections of note include:
William N. Fenton Papers – “Yale-educated ethnographer, William Fenton has devoted most of his career to study of the Iroquois Indians of New York State and Canada.”
Franz Boas Papers – Founder of modern American anthropology. See also Images of Franz Boas.
Ely Samuel Parker Papers – Seneca Indian and Civil War adjutant to Ulysses Grant.
Other resources include:
Native American Sound Recordings – Recording #3 features an August 12, 1950 recording of Lucenda George speaking in the Onondaga language about locusts, Clifford’s garden, winter and the dam built on the Onondaga reservation.
David Van Keuren’s “The Proper Study of Mankind”: An Annotated Bibliography of Manuscript sources on Anthropology and Archeology in the Library of the American Philosophical Society (c1986)
American Indian Manuscripts in the American Philosophical Society (c1999) – By John Freeman, Murphy D. Smith, Daythal Kendall, and R.S. Cox.
Anercan Philosophical Society Proceedings – with recent issues available online. The March 2000 issue contains the full-text of Christian B. Keller’s Philanthropy Betrayed: Thomas Jefferson, the Louisiana Purchase, and the Origins of Federal Indian Removal Policy in pdf format. Other articles of interest include Retrospecting the Origins of the League of the Iroquois by William A. Starna, APS Proceedings, Vol. 152, 3 (September 2008); Illegal Alien? The Immigration Case of Mohawk Ironworker Paul K. Diabo By Gerald F. Reid, APS Proceedings, Vol. 151, 1 (March 2007).
Native American Images – See also Abbot-Charnay Photograph Collection

The American Revolution and Its Era: Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789 – Library of Congress
An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera – More than 7,000 digitized primary source items dating from the seventeenth century to the present and encompassing key events and eras in American history. A search for Indian retrieves over 50 results, among which is an 1805 speech by Sagu-ua-what-hath (Red Jacket), a Seneca chief
Amon Olorin Flutes – Contemporary Native American Flutes by Ken Light, and flute workshops with R. Carlos Nakai, Native American flutist nominated for 2 Grammys. (You can also listen to clips from Earth Spirit, Changes: Native American Flute Music, Big Medicine or Feather, Stone & Light at Amazon.com.)
Anasazi Heritage Center – Dolores, Colorado
Ancient Cultures of the Southwest – Online exhibition of pottery at the Logan Museum of Anthropology, Beloit College, Wisconsin. There is a pottery catalog index.
Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS): Partnerships Across Nations
Annual Review of Anthropology – Article abstracts (full-text available to subscribers only) from 1984 to the present. A search for American Indian (words in title or abstract), for example, retrieves 14 results.
Anthropological Index of the Royal Anthropological Institute – “Anthropological Index Online is based on the journal holdings of The Anthropology Library at the The British Museum (Museum of Mankind) which receives periodicals in all branches of anthropology, from academic institutions and publishers around the world.”
Anthropology Outreach Office – Smithsonian’s Department of Anthropology. Provides archives of AnthroNotes and Anthropolog. See Native Americans: General Topics.
AnthroSource – Interactive repository of research and communications tools for anthropologists.
Antique Tribal Art Dealers Association (ATADA)
Theft Alert
Antiquities of Wisconsin – Electronic text of the book by Increase A. Lapham, published by the Smithsonian Institution in 1855, includes 92 pages of text, illustrated with 61 wood engravings, and 55 lithographed plates.
Archeological Research Institute – Arizona State University, Tempe. Host of Archnet. There is an online exhibition of Prehistoric Pottery of Arizona. Other resources include Pottery and Pigments in Arizona: Salado Polychrome and Roosevelt Platform Mound Study.
Archives Canada France – A search in the database for Iroqouis retrieves over 900 documents.
Archives nationales de France – A search for Iroquois in the Collections retrieves 26 results. See also Centre des archives d’outre-mer à Aix-en-Provence (CAOM) whose mission is the “conservation des archives de l’expansion coloniale française.”
Archives of the Association on American Indian Affairs – Princeton University Library.
Archives of Maryland Online – “The first 72 volumes of this series were published between 1883 and 1972 by the Maryland Historical Society. They contain many of the official records of Maryland from 1634 to 1820. We have also added 30 additional volumes to this series in the past year. The website contains images of the originals as well as fully searchable text.” Consider spelling variants as you search (Sasquehannah). The archives contains some interesting early records. Volume 6 of the series is a transcription of the Correspondence of Governor Horatio Sharpe, Volume 1,1753-1757 which includes some material about Indian Affairs. Starting on page 436 of this volume is a lengthy account from Fort George in New York on 4th June 1756, in which the author writes about Sir William Johnson, the Mohawks, and the Onondago. Proceedings of the Council of Maryland, 1732:1753, concerns the 1844 treaty council held in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Members of the Six Nations, including Onondaga chief Canasatego (Cannasatego), met with representatives from Maryland, Pennsylvania and Virginia. Conrad Weiser (Conrade) was present as interpreter.
ArchNet: Ethnoarchaeology and Ethnohistory
Arctic Circle – Peoples and environment of the Arctic and Subarctic region
Arctic Studies Center – Smithsonian Institution. Has a number of online exhibitions including Yupik Masks, Ekven Burial Chamber and Northern Clans, Northern Traces.
Arizona Memory Project – “Established by the Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records, is an online repository for digital collections from archives, libraries, museums, historical societies and other Arizona cultural institutions.” Collections of interest include:
Medallion Papers a “series of 39 publications issued between 1928-1950 by the Gila Pueblo Archaeological Foundation. Gila Pueblo, as it later became known, was one of the earliest Arizona institutions doing archaeological surveying and research in the Southwest. It was founded by Winifred and Harold S. Gladwin as a private foundation and employed professional archaeologists whose research was published in the Medallion Papers. Their work was instrumental in defining the Hohokam, Mogollon, San Simon and Cochise cultures and in describing early pottery types including Hohokam red-on-buff, Salado polychrome, Casas Grandes and others.”
Sharlot Hall Museum American Indians Image Collection – “This collection of still images is related to the American Indians of Arizona and the Southwest (1865-1970). Tribes include Navajo, Apache, Yavapai, Hualapai, Papago, Hopi, Mohave, Paiute, Yaqui, Havasupai, Pima and Maricopa.Also included in the collection are images of prehistoric ruins, pueblos, and rock art.”

Arizona State Museum – University of Arizona, Tucson. Established in 1893, this is the oldest and largest anthropology museum in the Southwest with the largest whole vessel collection of Southwest Indian pottery in the world. They offer Travel Tours and information on the Southwest Indian Art Fair. One of the Fair’s Award Winners for 2009 was Kachina Mana by Aaron Honanie, Hopi. The Library has an online catalogue. Among the online resources are:
Podcasts
Arizona Archaeological Site and Survey Database
Pottery Project 2,000 Years – 20,000 Vessels
Nampeyo Pottery Showcase – Includes a Black-on-red shallow bowl collected 1926.
With an Eye on Culture: The Photography of Helga Teiwes
The Trincheras Culture, Vignettes in Time

Arizona’s First People: The culture and lives of Arizona’s Native American tribes – Part of the Cultures AZ site. In Voices, Nan Telahongva recounts her experiences as a young Hopi girl new to Anglo schools and Betty Reid, a Native Navajo and a reporter for the Arizona Republic, talks about the transition from reservation life to city life.
Arkansas Archeological Survey – University of Arkansas site provides Report Abstracts by county, Archeology Links, Educational Resources for Teachers and First Encounters: The Contact Period in the Mississippi Valley.
Arnold Research Cave – Missouri. Contained 7500 years of prehistoric footwear.
Michael J. Fuller – Provides photographs of footwear from the cave.
ArtNet – A rich resource for art and antiques. (See their Site Index.) There is an Artist Index. The weekly ArtNet Magazine offers news & reviews, and features with archives back to 1996. The Galleries database is searchable by gallery name, artist name, gallery specialty, location, and furniture or design.
As Long as the Waters Flow: Native Americans in the South and East – Photographs by Carolyn DeMeritt exhibited at the Light Factory in Charlotte, North Carolina.
Assembly of First Nations – National representative/lobby organization of the First Nations in Canada.
Association for the Study of American Indian Literatures – Robert Nelson’s Guide to Native American Studies Programs in the United States and Canada provides a “comprehensive survey of U.S. and Canadian Native American Studies programs being offered as majors, minors, and certifications at the baccalaureate level or above.” The Association’s newsletter, SAIL, is searchable and is available in full-text from 1977-1987.
Association of American Indian Physicians
Association of American University Presses – With a search form for Native American Studies. (Try searching by year.)
Avalon Project at Yale Law School – Collection of documents in law, history and diplomacy has texts of Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans, Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans and Relations Between the United States and Native Americans.
Benedicte Wrensted: An Idaho Photographer in Focus – “Portraits of Indians from Southeastern Idaho Reservations, 1897.”
Bethlehem Digital History Project – “Digitization and web publication of specific primary source materials relating to the early history of Bethlehem, Pennsylvania….selected to increase accessibility to sources that illuminate key elements of the Bethlehem community from its founding in 1741 through 1844.” Among the resources are Joseph Spangenberg’s Report on the Nanticokes’ and Shawnee’s Bethlehem visit in March 1753 and The Comprehensive Report on the Brethren’s Negotiations in Bethlehem and Gnadenhütten with the Nanticokes and Shawnee Nations from April 1752. (Moravian College and Theological Seminary)
Betty Mae Jumper: a Seminole Legend – Maintained by the Seminole Tribe of Florida.
Bibliographies of New England History – Volume 9 contains 4,231 citations to books, dissertations, pamphlets, and magazine and journal articles, most of which were published between 1989 and 1994.
Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes
Biblioth&egraveque Nationale de France – Although much of the site is in French you can locate many full texts in English and there are a number of outstanding visual resources as well. Gallica, a text and image digitization project comparable to the Library of Congress’s American Memory project, is a rich resource for material on American Indian history and anthropology. For example the Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletins are available from 1881 to 1933. To find them, do a click on recherche and search for the title (Mots du titre) bureau of american ethnology. From your results, select Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology: to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution (Voir la liste des fascicules). This will bring up a list of all the titles they own, from 1881 (N 01 / 1879-1880) to 1933 (N 048 / 1930-1931). Among the images are 192 portraits of American Indians [Indiens des Etats-Unis] taken by the photographer Pinart between 1860-1876. The simplest way to search (recherche) this site is by keyword search (recherche libre). Try specific tribe names (Shawnee, Delaware, Huron) or use such terms as Indiens, indienne. To limit your search to images check the box for Lots d’images (under Types de documents). Bureau of American Ethnology List of Publications has an index to titles and authors for Bulletins and Annual Reports.
A Study of Pueblo Architecture: Tusayan and Cibola by Victor Mindeleff
Biblioth&egraveque nationale du Québec – Their Banque images et sons is a rich source for images and texts. Look for Indiens d’Amérique Iroquois (Indiens), or Algonquiens for example, in the Index des sujets. Some of the titles which you will find in full-text are Histoire des Abénakis depuis 1605 jusqu’Ã nos jours (1866), Bref récit et succincte narration de la navigation faite en MDXXXV et MDXXXVI / par le capitaine Jacques Cartier aux îles de Canada, Hochelaga, Saguenay et autres (1863) and Vie de Catherine Tekakwitha, vierge iroquoise (1894). There are also maps (cartes géographiques) and 7,000 images of Québec from 1870 to 1907 in Revue d’un autre si&egravecle.
Bringing Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties to the World Wide Web – Suzanne L. Holcombe, Oklahoma State University Library. Presentation at the Proceedings of the 9th Annual Federal Depository Library Conference, October 22 – 25, 2000.
British Columbia Archives – A keyword search for Haida in Visual Records, (checking the option Only match items with associated objects “AND LINK” e.g. images or finding aids) retrieves 54 images, a search for Indian People retrieves 858 images, a search for Dossetter retrieves 45 images.
British Museum: North America – Their Compass database provides images of over 5,000 objects in the museum collection which includes a large collection of Native Arts. (Search for drawings of John White, Christy Collection, Sloane Collection, Canada, Algonquian, Ohio, pipe etc.)
Buffalo Bill Historical Center – Cody, Wyoming library and museum provides access to their online catalog.

Built in America: Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) – Library of Congress collection of measured drawings, large-format photographs, and written histories for more than 35,000 historic structures and sites dating from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. Search by keyword or browse by subject (Indians of North America) or place. Here you’ll find photographs of:
Indian Castle Church – State Route 55, Town of Danube, Herkimer County (Fort Hendrick), taken by photographer Nelson E. Baldwin on May 5, 1936. “Indian Castle Church was built in 1769 by Captain Samuel Clyde for Sir William Johnson, who presented it to the Canajoharies (Mohawks of the Upper or Canajoharie Mohawks Castle), in 1770. It is the only Colonial Indian Mission Chursch standing in New York State and the only surviving Colonial building of the Mohawks or Iroquois Castles. The Church was built on land owned by Joseh Brandt [Brant], the famous Mohawk Chieftain, who was noted for his pity [piety?] and who translated the gospel of St. Mark into the Mohawk language. During the Revolution, the Mohawk Indian raiders, formerly residents here, attempted to steal the bell of this old church. They, however, neglected to fasten its clapper and its ringing awakened the parish settlers who armed themselves, sallied out and recovered the old church bell.” (Data Page 2).
View (Southwest) down into Kiva – Pueblo Arroyo, Chaco Canyon, New Mexico (June 1966)
Kalispel Indian Log Cabin – Usk, Pend Oreille County, Washington (1936)
Rock Eagle Mound – Rock Eagle State Park, Putnam County, Georgia by Kenneth Kay (1980)
Shoshone Indian Cemetery – Wind River Indian Reservation, Fort Washakie, Fremont County, Wyoming. “This cemetery supposedly contains the grave of Sacajawea, Indian guide of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. Located in cemetery is the oldest chapel built for the Indians in Wyoming.” (Data page 2). Photograph by Jack E. Boucher (1974).
Aztec Ruins – Detailed View of Through Passage – Aztec Ruins, West Ruin, New Mexico 44 near junction of U.S. 550, Aztec vicinity, San Juan County, New Mexico.
Jeffers Petroglyphs – Image of turtle and man, looking East. Photograph by Jet Lowe, 12 April, 1990. Delton Township, Cottonwood County, Minnesota.

BuntingVisual Resources Library – University of New Mexico College of Fine Arts. Resources include Native American Arts Classification Manual and Visual Resources Catalog of Native American Artists (VIRCONA)
Bureau of American Ethnology – Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin Series Electronic Editions – Consists of Hair Pipes in Plains Indian Adornment: A Study in Indian and White Ingenuity by John C. Ewers. (See also the List of Publications of the Bureau of American Ethnology with with index to authors and titles.) Also available is The Horse in the Blackfoot Indian Culture, Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin, vol. 159. This series is also available in Gallica, biblioth&egraveque numérique de la Biblioth&egraveque nationale de France. Do a search (recherche) for the title (Mots du titre) bureau of american ethnology. From your results, select Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology: to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution (Voir la liste des fascicules). This will bring up a list of all the titles they own, from 1881 (N 01 / 1879-1880) to 1933 (N 048 / 1930-1931). There are over 13,000 Glass Negatives of Indians, collected by the Bureau of American Ethnology from the 1850s-1930s in the National Anthropological Archives. You can browse images in the drawings, sketches and paintings from National Anthropological Archives or search the Archival, Manuscript and Photograph Collections Catalog in SIRIS, the research information system of the Smithsonian.
Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions – Marquette University

Bureau of Indian Affairs – U.S. Department of the Interior
Bureau of Indian Education
Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB)
Press Releases
Tribal Leaders Directory
Library: Subject Guides to the Internet – Native Americans
Federally Recognized Tribes

C-SPAN Digital Library – You can use search, advanced search or search by tag.
Oregon Indians – “Stephen Beckham talked about the book he edited Oregon Indians: Voices from Two Centuries.” 9/3/2009 [6:00]
Native America, Discovered and Conquered – Robert J. Miller, Professor, Lewis and Clark College Law School, 9/03/2009 [06:00]
– Daniel Usner, Professor of History, Vanderbilt University, 6/13/2009 [57:00]
“I Am a Man” – Joe Starita talked about his book “I Am a Man”: Chief Standing Bear’s Journey for Justice…In 1879, Ponca Chief Standing Bear challenged decades of Indian policy when he stood in a federal courthouse in Omaha, Nebraska, and demanded to be recognized as a person by the U.S. government. The eventual results were that all Native American peoples were given the full rights of American citizenship.” 06/07/2009, [46:00]
The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian – “Sherman Alexie talked about his young adult novel The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian, published by Little, Brown Young Readers. It is a semi-autobiographical chronicle of growing up on a Washington State Indian reservation and transfering from the reservation school to the rich, white school. In a frequently humorous presentation he talked about his life and the differences from the book.” 11/03/2007 [44:00]
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site – Located near Collinsville, Illinois, the historic site holds the archaeological remnants of a sophisticated prehistoric civilization inhabited by the Mississippians from about A.D. 700 to 1400. A UNESCO World Heritage Site: “Cahokia Mounds, some 13 km north-east of St Louis, Missouri, is the largest pre-Columbian settlement north of Mexico. It was occupied primarily during the Mississippian period (800–1400), when it covered nearly 1,600 ha and included some 120 mounds. It is a striking example of a complex chiefdom society, with many satellite mound centres and numerous outlying hamlets and villages. This agricultural society may have had a population of 10–20,000 at its peak between 1050 and 1150. Primary features at the site include Monks Mound, the largest prehistoric earthwork in the Americas, covering over 5 ha and standing 30 m high.” See also Cahokia and Surrounding Mound Groups by D. I. Bushnell, Jr., Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University, Vol. III, No. 1, May, 1904, pp. 1-84.

CBC Archives – Canadian Broadcasting Corporation archived interviews include:
Rethinking Riel – Métis leader Louis Riel
Georges Erasmus: Native Rights Crusader
The Life and Legend of Bill Reid – Haida artist
Phil Fontaine: Native Diplomat and Dealmaker
Eeyou Istchee: Land of the Cree
An Inuit Education: Honouring a Past, Creating a Future
James Bay Project and the Cree
The Oka Crisis
The Battle for Aboriginal Treaty Rights
Creation of Nunavut
Mercury Rising: The Poisoning of Grassy Narrows
A Lost Heritage: Canada’s Residential Schools
Lacrosse: A History of Canada’s Game
Davis Inlet: Innu community in crisis
Losing native languages
Métamorphose de l’Indien

California Heritage Digital Image Access Project – Online archive of over 28,000 images illustrating California’s history and culture consisting of photographs, pictures, and manuscripts from the collections of the Bancroft Library at the University of California, Berkeley. You can Browse the Collection. (Select “container listing” to access the images.) For example, the Merriam Collection of Native American Photographs, ca. 1890-1938, contains 1,447 digitized photographs of members of Californian tribes. See also California Cultures: Native Americans.
California Digital Library
Camping with the Sioux: Fieldwork diary of Alice Cunningham Fletcher – National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution. Includes Folktales and a Photo Gallery.
Canada’s Digital Collections – Rich resource for information on Canada’s First Peoples.
Canada’s Native Peoples – Volume II in the Canada Heirloom Series of Canada’s Digital Collection.
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation: News – Offers coverage of First Nations issues. INDEPTH: Aboriginal Canadians: From the Gift of the Iroquois to the Creation of Nunavut, by Martin O’Malley, July 2000 and After the Salmon Run: The Road to Nowhere by Peter McCluskey which offers video reports, archived stories and links.
Canadian Encyclopedia Online – Full-text, multimedia encylopedia. The subject index shows 38 pages of entries for Native People. (Provided by Historica, a foundation whose mandate is to provide Canadians with a deeper understanding of their history.)
Canadian Museum of Civilization – Toronto. Site provides a variety of information on indigenous cultures, archaeology, folk art and Canadian history. Virtual Collection Storage provides images of items on the museum, including some very handsome mittens and belts in the Ethnology Collection. Also provided is a collection of links to Online Resources for Canadian Heritage which has Ethnology and Archaeology sections.
Canadian Medical Association – The site is searchable and provides tables of contents and selected articles from a number of its publications. A search for Cree, for example, retrieves 46 results, most of them abstracts of articles from the Canadian Medical Association Journal.
Carlisle Indian Industrial School – Barbara Landis and Genevieve Bell. (See also Carlisle Students adapted from Charles Maclay’s index of “The Indian Industrial School” by Linda Witmer.)
Carnegie Institution for Science – Washington, D.C.
Casas Grandes and the Ceramic Art of the Ancient Southwest – Published by the Art Institute of Chicago in association with Yale University Press for the exhibition at the Art Institue of Chicago from April 22 to August 13, 2006. This is a beautiful book with 141 color photographs of pre-Columbian pottery, primarily from private collections. It’s $28.35 at Amazon.com (the list price is $45.00). See UNESCO’s World Heritage List – Archeological Zone of Paquimé, Casas Grandes.
Catholic Encyclopedia – With over 11,602 articles, this encyclopedia is a good resource for researching the Jesuit presence in North America. For example there are articles on Catholic Indian Missions of the United States, Santa Fe (New Mexico), Huron, Sioux, Chippewa, Algonquins and Iroquois.
Center for Agricultural Bioinformatics: Botanical Databases – The Medicinal Plants of North America Database (MPNADB) is “based on a two-volume book of the same name published in 1986 by the Museum of Anthropology of the University of Michigan. The database – which contains 17,634 items representing the medicinal uses of 2,147 species from 760 genera and 142 families by 123 different native American groups – was built over a period of about 10 years with support from the National Endowment for the Humanities, the National Science Foundation, and the University of Michigan-Dearborn.” The Food Plant Database, based on Food Plants of the North American Indians by Elias Yanovsky, c1936, reviewed approximately 80 years of literature, back to around 1850, listing 1,112 species in 444 genera of plants among 120 families, used for food by the North American Indians.
Center for Southwest Research – University of New Mexico. Part of the larger Online Archive of New Mexico. Among their collections are the Robert E. Robideau American Indian Movement Papers, 1975-1994 and the Kay Cole Papers.
Center For World Indigenous Studies – Their Fourth World Documentation Project is “an online library of texts which record and preserve our peoples’ struggles to regain their rightful place in the international community.”

A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation: U.S. Congressional Documents and Debates, 1774-1873 – “Consists of a linked set of published congressional records of the United States of America from the Continental Congress through the 43rd Congress, 1774-1875. Congressional bills and resolutions for selected sessions beginning with the 6th Congress (1799) in the House of Representatives and the 16th Congress (1819) in the Senate. A select number of documents and reports from the monumental U.S. Congressional Serial Set are available as well. This online collection houses the records of the U.S. Congress up to 1875, which includes the first three volumes of the Congressional Record, published by the Government Printing Office. To access the contemporary Congressional Record go to THOMAS, the Library of Congress’s legislative information Web site.” It includes:
Journals of the Continental Congress (1774-89)
Letters of Delegates to Congress (1774-89)
Farrand’s Records: Records of the Federal Convention of 1787
Elliot’s Debates: Debates in the Several State Conventions on the Adoption of the Federal Constitution (1787-88)
Journals of the House of Representatives (1789-1875) and the Senate (1789-1875),
Maclay’s Journal: Journal of William Maclay, United States Senator from Pennsylvania, 1789-1791
The Annals of Congress – Formally known as The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, the Amma;s “cover the 1st Congress through the first session of the 18th Congress, from 1789 to 1824. The Annals were not published contemporaneously, but were compiled between 1834 and 1856, using the best records available, primarily newspaper accounts. Speeches are paraphrased rather than presented verbatim, but the record of debate is nonetheless fuller than that available from the House and Senate Journals. The Annals were immediately succeeded by the Register of Debates, and subsequently by the Congressional Globe and Congressional Record.”
Register of Debates (1824-37) – Consists of 14 volumes
Congressional Globe (1833-73)
Congressional Record (1873-75)
House Journal
Senate Journal – “The Journal should be seen as the minutes of floor action. It notes the matters considered by the Senate and the votes and other actions taken. It does not record the actual debates, which can be consulted through the “Link to date-related documents” in the full text transcription of the Journal.”
Senate Executive Journal (1789-1875) – “Record of its executive proceedings that relate to its functions of confirming presidential nominees and consenting to the making of treaties. The Senate Executive Journal was not made public until 1828, when the Senate decided to print and publish the proceedings for all the previous Congresses and thereafter to publish the journal for each session at its close.”
Bills and Resolutions
Statutes at Large (1789-1875) – “The eighteen volumes presented in this online collection cover the laws of the first forty-three Congresses, 1789-1875.”
American State Papers (1789-1838) – “Thirty-eight physical volumes, contain the legislative and executive documents of Congress during the period 1789 to 1838.”
U.S. Serial Set – “Began publication with the 15th Congress, 1st Session (1817). Documents before 1817 may be found in the American State Papers (1789-1838).” Of particular interest is
Indian Land Cessions in the United States, 1784-1894 compiled by Charles C. Royce. (U.S. Serial Set Number 4015 contains the second part of the two-part Eighteenth Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology to the Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1896-97 by J.W. Powell, Director.) The report is browsable by Tribe, State/Territory and Date and includes treaties and 67 maps. You can search the entire site or browse individual titles. The 23rd Congress, 1833-1835 has Correspondence on the emigration of Indians, 1831-33. Use the find option (Indian) to locate material on Indian issues in the Register of Debates Browse List. Another important resource is Volume VII of the United States Statutes at Large, entitled Treaties between the United States and Indian Tribes. Published in 1845, this is a 604 page volume of treaties which has a chronological list of the treaties starting on p. iii.

Chaco Digital Initiative – Digitization of thousands of photographs from Neil Judd and Frank H.H. Roberts’ archaeological excavations in Chaco Canyon.
Chaco Culture National Historical Park – National Park Service

Cherokee Field Office Records, 1968 – 1983 – Photographs in the National Archives and Records Administration, Record Group 435: Records of the Indian Arts and Crafts Board, 1929 – 1988.
Burden Basket or Storage Basket Made of River Cane (ARC Identifier: 281597)
Booger” Dance Mask with a Coiled Snake on Top (ARC Identifier: 281600)
Hand Carved Pottery Designed Paddles (ARC Identifier: 281617)
Seminole Coiled Sweet Grass Button Basket (ARC Identifier: 281626)
Shell Tempered Duck Effigy Bowl Recovered from Williams Island Site, Hamilton County, Tennessee (ARC Identifier: 281637)
Cherokee Craftsman, Jessie Saunlooke, Carving a Bear (ARC Identifier: 281633)
Shell Tempered Double Wedding Vessel with a Human Effigy Recovered from the Cox Mound, Jackson County, Tennessee (ARC Identifier: 281639)
Old Cherokee White Oak Basket (ARC Identifier: 281622)
Single Weave River Cane Basket Owned by the Southern Hills Handicraft Guild (ARC Identifier: 281629)

Cherokee Nation – Official Site of the Cherokee Nation based in Tahlequah Oklahoma. They publish the Cherokee Phoenix and Indian Advocate, the the official newspaper of the Cherokee Nation, published monthly. The Fall 2000 issue has several articles on Diabetes.
Code of Federal Regulations – National Archives and Records Administration. Title 25 deals with Indian issues. Other related titles include Native American Housing (Title 24, Part 1000), Indian Health (Title 42, Part 36), and Requirements for surface coal mining and reclamation operations on Indian Lands (Title 30, Part 75). You can also browse and search your choice of CFR titles and/or volumes; Title 25: Indians is available from 1997.
CodeTalk – Federal interagency information network managed by native Americans at HUD’s Office of Native American Programs.
Collector’s Guide to the Art of New Mexico – A rich resource for the collector. With sections on Indian Fetishes, milagros, Heishi, Antique Indian Silver Jewelry, Indian Pottery and Baskets.
College & Research Library News – A publication of the Association of College & Research Libraries, they offer monthly columns on Internet Resources, one of which is Indigenous nations: Sites of interest, C&RL News, January 2004, Vol. 65, No. 1.
Colonial Connecticut Records: the Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut 1636-1776 – The University of Connecticut, with the assistance of the Mashantucket Pequot Museum & Research Center, has digitized microfilm copies of Connecticut (Colony). The Public Records of the Colony of Connecticut, from April 1636 to October 1776 … transcribed and published, (in accordance with a resolution of the General assembly). Hartford: Brown & Parsons. 1850-1890. 15 vols. Although not yet searchable by keyword, each volume is carefully indexed.
Common Ground Online – Publication of the National Park Service Archeology and Ethnography Program. Online Archives go from the Summer 1994 to the present. Issues of interest include Earliest Americans (Spring/Summer 2000), Preservation on the Reservation (Fall 1999) and Speaking Nation to Nation (Summer/Fall 1997).
Community Learning Network – “CLN is designed to help K-12 teachers integrate technology into their classrooms. We have over 265 menu pages with more than 5,800 annotated links to free resources on educational WWW sites — all organized within an intuitive structure.” There is a Theme Index and a section on First Nations History.
Congressional Record – Via GPO Access for 1995 thru 2001 (Volumes 141 thru 147). Portions of the Congressional Record in pdf format are available for 2001, 2000 and 1999. You can also retrieve a specific page.
Cornell American Indian Program
Cornell Powwow and Smokedance – Held annually in the Spring
Council for Museum Anthropology – Offers links to Anthropology Museums on the Web.
Cradleboard Teaching Project – Project begun by teacher and songwriter Buffy Sainte-Marie to help children through cross-cultural communication. Provides links to other resources and to other Tribal Websites.
Creek Indian Bibliography: Sources for History, Biography and Genealogy; Print and Internet Links – Anne E. Gometz.
A Critical Bibliography of North American Indians, For K-12 – Compiled in September 1996, this excellent resource for teachers and librarians describes over 800 books. There are sections organized by culture area and tribe and further divided into non-fiction and fiction, biographies, and traditional stories. From the Department of Anthropology at the Smithsonian Institution’s Museum of Natural History. There are sections for the Northeast, Southwest, Northwest Coast, California, Plateau, Arctic, Plains, Great Basin, Subarctic and the Southeast.
Cross Cultural Symposium on Blacks and Native Americans – April 20-22, 2000, El Hajj Malik El Shabazz Center at Dartmouth College. To “explore the complex histories and experiences shared by Blacks and Indians.” Provides Speaker Biographies and links to related resources.
Cultural Readings: Colonization and Print in the Americas – “Exhibition from the collections of the Jay I. Kislak Foundation and the Rosenbach Museum & Library, sponsored by the University of Pennsylvania Library.” Includes a section on Print and Native Cultures.
Cultural Resource Management – Searchable and with Index of Past Issues. See Beyond Compliance: Tribes of the Southwest (Volume 23, No. 9, (2000).
* Dakota Conflict Trials (1862) – From Doug Linder’s Famous Trials page. DAPHNE – Data in Archeology, Prehistory and History on the Net – “Portal providing a single entry point to free subject-oriented bibliographic databases.”
Delgamuukw / Gisday’wa National Process – Resources relating to the Delgamuukw decision, in which the Canadian Supreme Court recognized the validity of Aboriginal title.
Denver Public Library Photography Collection – Western History Department/Genealogy Department. Online collection contains 100,000 images including many of Native Americans. Try searching for the following: Indians of North America, Wounded Knee, Dakota, Sioux, Ute, Pueblo, David Barry, George Beam, C. G. Morledge, Horace Poley, Edward Boos, Sitting Bull or Red Cloud. A search for Wounded Knee Massacre, for example, retrieves 85 photographs, each carefully catalogued and annotated and with a url which can be bookmarked (the url for Indian Chiefs and U.S. officials, NS-163, goes to the enlarged image only, without identification.) Other highlights include Sitting Bull of the Custer Massacre (X-31384), Standing Holy, daughter of Sitting Bull, wearing jewelry (B-144), and Red Tomahawk, who killed Sitting Bull (X-31680). A search for Ben Wittick (1845-1903) retrieves 68 images by the photographer including the following examples from the 1880s: Approach to Pueblo Acoma, View in Pueblo Acoma, N.M., View in Apache camp, San Carlos River, Arizona, View in Pueblo Acoma, New Mexico, View in Pueblo Laguna, N.M., View in Pueblo Laguna, N.M., View in Pueblo Santo Domingo N. M., View in the aristocratic quarter of Oraibi Moqui, Woman of Zuni & water olla and Zuni maiden, daughter of Pa-lo-wa-ti-wa. See also the Collaborative Digitization Program which provides descriptions and links to other Digital Collections.
Digital Library of Appalachia – Search for Cherokee.
Digital Library of Canada – National Library of Canada. Relevant resources include Indian Affairs Annual Reports 1864-1990, Jesuit Relations and the History of New France, Early Canadiana Online
Digital Library of Georgia – Among the collections is Southeastern Native American Documents, 1730-1842 which “contains over 1,000 documents and images relating to the Native American population of the Southeastern United States from the collections of the University of Georgia Libraries, the University of Tennessee at Knoxville Library, the Frank H. McClung Museum, and the Tennessee State Library and Archives. The documents are comprised of letters, legal proceedings, military orders, financial papers, and archaeological images relating to Native Americans in the Southeast.” Georgia Historic Books “contains full-text, fully searchable books related to Georgia’s history and culture. Most are from the 19th to early 20th century and focus on Georgia history, biography, and literature.”
Directory of Aboriginal Exporters – This directory, compiled by the Aboriginal Business Development (AIBD) Committee in 2002, lists 470 Canadian firms.
Documenting the American South – Collection from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill of full-text primary sources on Southern history, literature and culture from the colonial period through the first decades of the 20th century. On July 27, 2001 there were 960 books and manuscripts in the collection. Includes, for example, the full-text of The Missionary Pioneer, or A Brief Memoir of the Life, Labours, and Death of John Stewart, (Man of Colour,) Founder, under God of the Mission among the Wyandotts at Upper Sandusky, Ohio (1827) by Joseph Mitchell. The collection is searchable and has a subject, author and title index.
Documents Relating to the Negotiation of Ratified and Unratified Treaties With Various Indian Tribes, 1801-1869 – “Collection has been created from the microfilm of record group 75, records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, specifically RG 75, Microcopy T494. These ten reels include instructions to treaty commissioners, reports, letters, and in some cases copies of the treaties.”
Duke Collection of American Indian Oral History – “Provides access to typescripts of interviews (1967 -1972) conducted with hundreds of Indians in Oklahoma regarding the histories and cultures of their respective nations and tribes.”
Early Americas Digital Archive (EADA) – “Collection of electronic texts originally written in or about the Americas from 1492 to approximately 1820… Published and supported by the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH) at the University of Maryland.”

Early Canadiana Online – “Full text online collection of more than 3,000 books and pamphlets documenting Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century. The collection is particularly strong in native studies, travel and exploration, and the history of French Canada.” (Note: a password is not required – leave username and password blank.) A search for Iroquoian Indians, for example, retrieves 12 documents including:
William M. Beauchamp’s The Iroquois Trail, or, Footprints of the Six Nations: in Customs, Traditions and History (1892)
Lewis Henry Morgan’s Houses and house-life of the American aborigines (1881)
George Catlin’s Adventures of the Ojibbeway and Ioway Indians in England, France, and Belgium: being notes of eight years’ travels and residence in Europe with his North American Indian collection (1852)
James Constantine Pilling’s Bibliography of the Iroquoian Languages (1888)
Horatio Hale and Edward B. Tyler’s Four Huron Wampum Records: a Study of Aboriginal American History and Mnemonic Symbols (?1897).

A full-text search for Oswego retrieves 845 matching pages in 279 matching titles. A search for Sachems is also productive. Other items of interest include:
Collection de manuscrits contenant lettres, memoires, et autres documents historiques relatifs a la Nouvelle-France: recueillis aux Archives de la province de Quebec ou copies à l’etranger; mis en ordre et edites sous les auspices de la Legislature de Quebec, avec table, etc. by Jean Blanchet. A rich source for the years 1663-1713, with many letters from Frontenac to the French Minister (in French only). Contents include Lettre des Sauvages Abenaquis au Rois (page 433)

Sketch of the Life of Captain Joseph Brant, Thaydneanegea (1872)
Ten years of Upper Canada in Peace and War, 1805-1815 being the Ridout letters (1890)
Lives of Celebrated American Indians (1849)
Life and Times of Kateri Tekakwitha, the Lily of the Mohawks, 1656-1680 (1891) – by Ellen Hardin Walworth
Life of Tecumseh, and of his brother the prophet with a historical sketch of the Shawanoe Indians(1841) by Benjamin Drake

Eccles Centre for American Studies – British Library.
United States Government Policies Toward Native Americans, 1787-1990: A Guide to Materials in the Gritish Library by David J.l Whittaker, Eccles Centre for American Studies 1996, 91pp. “This bibliographical guide to material in the British Library has been assembled to assist in locating the more important works on this significant topic. It is not comprehensive, but does call attention to the major studies and sources on American Indian policy history. Almost all of the books cited have their own bibliographies which will lead the serious researcher to additional material. A few items are listed which are not in the British Library.”
British Travellers Report on the White Conquest of the Trans-Mississippi West, 1865-1905 by R. A Burchell, First Annual Douglas W. Bryant Lecture, July 1993.

Educational Resources Information Center – There is a clearinghouse on Rural Education and Small Schools with information on American Indian and Alaska Native Education. There is a searchable Native Education Directory which “includes organizations, governmental agencies, and schools that are involved in the education of Native students and serve a statewide, multistate, or national audience.” There are Expert Search Strategies for Programs for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Canada Native youth and Native students (American Indians, Canada Natives, Alaska Natives) and higher education.
Edward S. Curtis’s The North American Indian – “One of the most significant and controversial representations of traditional American Indian culture ever produced. Issued in a limited edition from 1907-1930, the publication continues to exert a major influence on the image of Indians in popular culture…Featured here are all of the published photogravure images including over 1500 illustrations bound in the text volumes, along with over 700 portfolio plates.” (Library of Congress.) See also Edward S. Curtis’s The North American Indian
Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art – Indianapolis
Elkus Indian Papers – “California Academy of Sciences houses a collection of over 2,000 documents related to Indian affairs over the period 1922-1963. These papers came from the estate of Charles de Young Elkus, a San Francisco attorney…” The database is searchable and browsable by name of correspondant.
Emory Women Writers Resource Project – Among the full-text Native-American related titles are Nowita, the Sweet Singer. A Romantic Tradition of Spavinaw, Indian Territory (1900) by Mabel Washbourne Anderson, Memoir Of Elizabeth Jones, a Little Indian Girl, Who Lived at the River-Credit Mission, Upper Canada by Anonymous, The Sick Child (1899), An Autobiography (1911), My People [Winnebagoes](1897) and Gray Wolf’s Daughter (1899) all by Angel De Cora (Hinook-Mahiwi-Kilinaka), An Indian Woman’s Letter (1879), Bright Eyes (1881), Omaha Legends and Tent-Stories (1883), The Indian Question (1880) all by Susette La Flesche (Bright Eyes), and Great Work of an Indian (1906) by Ora Eddleman Reed.
Encyclopedia Mythica: Native American Mythology – With over 350 entries on Native American mythology.
Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Native American History and Culture – Selected links to sites hosted by Smithsonian Institution museums and organizations.
FBI Art Theft Program – With a section on stolen Native American Art and recovered art (Navajo Ceremonial Artifacts, Geronimo’s Headress, Washoe Indian Baskets).
FBI Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room – FBI documents scanned from paper copies as released to FOIPA requesters. There is a file on the Osage Indian Murders.
Falmouth Institute – Training and consulting organization to American Indian and Alaska Native communities. With list of publications and links to Indian Tribes and Tribal Organizations. They monitor legislative activities on Capitol Hill, some of which can be read online in the American Indian Report’s Fedwatch.
FedLaw: Native Americans – Laws
Federally Recognized Tribes – “This notice publishes the current list of 561 tribal entities recognized and eligible for funding and services from the Bureau of Indian Affairs by virtue of their status as Indian tribes. The list is updated from the notice published on November 25, 2005 (70 FR 71194).” Published in the Federal Register.

Fenimore Art Museum – Cooperstown. The Eugene and Clare Thaw Collection of American Indian Art is described by Steven M. L. Aronson: “…The 800 arrestingly beautiful objects…are incontestably the best of their kind – milestones of American Indian inventiveness.” (Native Beauties: Eugene V. Thaw on His Extraordinary Compilation of North American Indian Works, Architectural Digest, June, 2008.) In the Virtual Museum you can view catalog records and images of the 825 items in the collection including:
Seneca Bag – Circa 1830-1860
Eastern Ojibwa Birch Bark Domed Box – Circa 1847-1853
Teton Sioux (Lakota) Painted Hide War Record – Circa 1880
Teton Sioux (Lakota) Storage Bags – Circa 1880-1889
Huron Moosehair Embroidered Black-dyed Moccasins – Circa 1838-1853
Tlingit Berry Basket – Circa 1910

FindArticles.com – Free online article-search service allows you to search for (and read) articles published over the last 1 to 2 years in more than 300 reputable magazines and journals. You can view publications by subject or by name.
First American West The Ohio River Valley, 1750-1820 – American Memory, Library of Congress.
First Nations Collection – Part of the Southern Oregon Digital Archives (SODA), the First Nations Collection has “documents, books, and articles relating to the indigenous peoples of this bioregion.” Particularly interesting are three books by the anthropologist Edward Sapir (1884-1939. These books are rich sources of creation stories in which Coyote plays a major role. Yana Texts (235 pages) were collected in 1907 from two locations in Shasta County California: near Redding and between Round Mountain and Montgomery Creek. In also incorporates material collected by Roland. B. Dixon in 1900 from Sam Bat’wi and Round Mountain Jack. Takelma Texts (267 pages ) were collected Sapir in the summer of 1906 in Siletz Resertaion in western Oregon. Frances Johnson (Gwisgwashan) was the “sole informant”. Wishram texts, Volume II, Together with Wasco Tales and Myths (333 pages). The Wishram texts were obtained, for the most part, in Yakima Reservation, in southern Washington, in the summer of 1905. Much of the Wishram material was gathered by an interpreter, Pete McGuff from Louis Simpson (Menait). Jeremiah Curtin collected the Wasco texts.
First Nations Site Index – Jordan S. Dill. Has a section on First Nation Histories.
First Nations Periodical Index – Searchable index of 20 Aboriginal newspapers, journals, and magazines, of mainly Canadian Native content, covering the years 1981 to 1997. With a Journal List. (An advanced keyword search for Residential schools returned 49 citations.) A joint project of the Saskatchewan Indian Federated College, Saskatoon Campus, the Saskatchewan Indian Cultural Centre and the Library Services for Saskatchewan Aboriginal Peoples committee.
First Peoples
First Perspective – News of Indigenous Peoples of Canada.
FirstGov – Official website for searching the U.S. Government.
Florida State Archives Photographic Collection – The Peithmann Collection consists of 573 photographs, taken by Irvin M. Peithmann in the 1950s, documenting the daily lives of the Seminoles on Brighton and Big Cypress Reservations in south Florida. (Go to the bottom of the search page for information and access to the collection.)
FLITE Supreme Court Decisions 1937-1975 – FedWorld site contains 7,407 full-text decisions issued from volumes 300 through 422 of US Reports, searchable by keyword or case name. (Other resources include Cornell’s Legal Information Institute’s Supreme Court Decisions, GPO Supreme Court Decisions (1937-1975), Landmark Supreme Court Cases, Supreme Court of the United States, Oyez Project: U.S. Supreme Court Media and FindLaw’s U.S..
Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies (FAMSI) – Highlights include a collection of online Books and the Bibliografía Mesoamericana.
Founders’ Constitution – Anthology of writings on American constitutional history edited by Philip B. Kurland and Ralph Lerner. A joint venture of the University of Chicago Press and the Liberty Fund, the book was published in 1986. (It is not clear from the explanatory matter just how much of the print version appears online.) “The documents included range from the early seventeenth century to the 1830s, from the reflections of philosophers to popular pamphlets, from public debates in ratifying conventions to the private correspondence of the leading political actors of the day.” The site is searchable, contains a Table of Contents and an Index which includes Short Titles Used, Authors and Documents, Cases and Constitutional Provision. Pages dealing with Indian law: Article 1, Section 8, Clause 3 (Indians), Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (5 Pet. 1 1831), United States v. Bailey (24 Fed. Cas. 937, no. 14,495 C.C.D.Tenn. 1834). United States v. Cisna (25 Fed. Cas. 422, no. 14,795 C.C.D.Ohio 1835) and Johnson & Graham v. M’Intosh (8 Wheat. 543 1823).
The Four Indian Kings – Virtual Vault, Library & Archives, Canada. “The four Indian kings first travelled to London in 1710 to meet Queen Anne as delegates of the Iroquoian Confederacy in an effort to cement an alliance with the British. Queen Anne was so impressed by her visitors that she commissioned their portraits by court painter John Verelst. The portraits are believed to be some of the earliest surviving oil portraits of Aboriginal peoples taken from life.”
Friends Committee on National Legislation – Quaker lobby in the public interest. Provides Native American Legislative Updates for U.S. legislation.
Fund of the Four Directions – “National Native-run charitable foundation dedicated to empowering Indigenous communities in North America to implement solutions that revitalize and are consistent with Indigenous ways and concepts.”
Gallica, biblioth&egraveque numérique de la Biblioth&egraveque nationale de France – Digitization project, currently available in French only. “Au 1er janvier 2004, Gallica offrait sur la Toile : 70 000 volumes imprimés en mode image, 1200 volumes imprimés en mode texte, 500 documents sonores, 80 000 images fixes.” A catalogue search (recherche) for Cr&egravevecoeur locates the text (in pdf format) and illustrations for Voyage dans la Haute Pennsylvanie et dans l’état de New-York depuis l’année 1785 jusqu’en 1798. The search results also include illustrations (Mosaique) from the work: there are images of Késkétomah, ancien Sachem de la Nation Onondaga and Koohassen, guerrier de la Nation Onéida. You can also browse many volumes of the Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology: to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution. Do a search (recherche) for the title (Mots du titre) bureau of american ethnology. From your results, select Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology: to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution (Voir la liste des fascicules). This will bring up a list of all the titles they own, from 1881 (N 01 / 1879-1880) to 1933 (N 048 / 1930-1931). For example, the Twenty-First Annual Report, published in 1903, and which covers the years 1899-1900, has articles on Hopi katcinas, drawn by native artists, by Jesse Walter Fewkes (Pp. 3-126, pls. II-LXIII) and Iroquoian cosmology, by J. N. B. Hewitt (Pp. 127-339, pls. LXIV-LXIX). (To locate contents of these Annual Reports, consult the Smithsonian’s List of Publications of the Bureau of American Ethnology which provides article titles, authors and page numbers.) A title search for Bureau of American ethnology retrieves 64 results, which include the full texts of Bibliography of the Iroquoian languages by James Constantine Pilling, The Problem of the Ohio mounds by Cyrus Thomas and Siouan tribes of the east by James Mooney. (Use AltaVista’s Babel Fish to help with translation.)
Gallup Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial – August 9-13, 2000
Ganondagan State Historic Site – Major seventeenth-century Seneca town and its palisaded granary, located in Victor, New York. With links to Haudenosaunee and Other Native American Sites.
Garacontié – Daniel Garacontié was a 17th century Onondaga chief (Sagochiendagehté) known for his diplomacy and peace-keeping efforts.
Gathering of Nations – Billed as the largest powwow in North America, it brings in indigenous people from 500 tribes and cultures in the U.S., Canada, Mexico and Polynesia.
George Catlin and His Indian Gallery – Smithsonian American Art Museum.
George Eastman House – Located in Rochester, New York, the museum’s Schankman Image Server offers access to a portion of its extensive still photography collection. See, for example, New Mexico Views by Bennett & Brown, Frederick Monsen (1865-1929), Timothy O’Sullivan (1840-1882), and C. W. Carter (1832-1918).
George Washington Papers – Library of Congress American Memory Project to digitize approximately 65,000 documents is a rich resource for locating primary source material relating to Indian affairs. For example, if you are researching the Sullivan Campaign of 1779 in New York, a keyword search for Sullivan locates many letters written by Sullivan and Washington between May and September of 1779, when the campaign occurred. A search for James Clinton,and Tioga will also retrieve letters of interest.
Geronimo: His Own Story – Part of the From Revolution to Reconstruction site which also has a section on Civilizations under Siege: the European Conquest of the Americas.
Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument – National Park Service. Consists of two sites: the Gila Cliff Dwellings and the Heart-Bar Site or TJ Ruin.
Gilcrease Museum – Tulsa, Oklahoma
Good Minds – Educational Resources for Aboriginal Studies, First Nations Studies, Indigenous Studies, and Native American Studies.

Göttinger Digitalisierungszentrums – Digital Library at the Lower Saxony State and University Library, Göttingen, includes a collection of over 2,000 volumes of early travel books. A title search for Onondaga, for example, retrieves the following titles:
Dictionnaire de la Langue Huronne (1632) by Gabriel Sagard Théodat
Journals of the Military Expedition of Major General John Sullivan Against the Six Nations of Indians in 1779 (1887) by Frederick Cook [alternative url for this title.
History of the Five Indian Nations of Canada (1747) by Cadwallader Colden [alternative url for this title]
Memoirs of Lieut. Henry Timberlake, (Who accompanied the Three Cherokee Indians to England in the Year 1762)
Travels in New-England and New-York (1821) by Timothy Dwight

Government Information Locator Service
GPO Access Multi-Database Search – Will search Congressional Record, Federal Register, Congressional Bills, Public Laws, U.S. Code. For example, a search for Hopi, in the Federal Register, Volume 66 (2001), retrieves 20 results, one of which is a proposed rule change entitled “Special Regulations; Areas of the National Park System; Religious Ceremonial Collection of Golden Eaglets From Wupatki National Monument”. There is also a Database List. A subject search for Indian in the General Accounting Office (GAO) Reports (on 4 June 2001) database retrieves 33 results including Money Laundering: Rapid Growth of Casinos Makes Them Vulnerable (01/04/96, GAO/GGD-96-28), Indian Programs: BIA Should Streamline Its Processes for Estimating Land Rental Values (06/30/1999, GAO/RCED-99-165) and Indian Trust Funds: Improvements Made in Acquisition of New Asset and Accounting System But Significant Risks Remain (09/15/2000, GAO/AIMD-00-259).
Haida: Spirits of the Sea – Subjects include art, canoes, culture and ocean, food, First Totem, fishing, and Gwaii Haanas.
GOVBOT – Searchable database of Federal Government web sites.
Government of Canada Web Archive – “At the time of its launch in Fall 2007, approximately 100 million digital objects (over 4 terabytes) of archived Federal Government website data was made accessible.”
Guide to Anthropological Fieldnotes and Manuscripts in Archival Repositories – Compiled by Robert Leopold, National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution.
Guide to Law Online: Native Americans – Law Library of Congress
Guide to Native American Studies Programs in the United States and Canada – Robert M. Nelson, Editor
Handbook of Texas Online – 23,000 articles on people, places, events, historical themes, institutions, and a host of other topic categories. (A search for Indians retrieved over 1,000 articles.) A joint project of the General Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin and the Texas State Historical Association.
Harvard Project on American Indian Economic Development – John F. Kennedy School of Government. Offers a number of publications including American Indians on Reservations: A Databook of Socioeconomic Change Between the 1990 and 2000 Censuses is a 59 page pdf document. The is a list of all publications.
Harvard University Library Open Collections Program – “Provides access to digitized historical, manuscript, and image resources selected from Harvard’s library and museum collections.” In January 2006, the Women Working collection consisted of “7,500 pages of manuscripts 3,500 books and pamphlets 1,200 photographs.” You can browse by subject and genre, search by keyword, author, title and subject and search the full text. One of the items in the collection is Choup-nit-ki, with the Nez Perce (1909) by E. Jane Gay (1830-1919) is from the Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study. It is described as “a two-volume collection of hand-colored photographs, illustrations, and letters providing a first-hand account of the implementation of the federal government’s allotment policy toward the American Indians, as well as commentary on missionary work, westward expansion, racial conflict, and women’s issues.” The work is “illustrated from photographs by the author with deorations by Emma J. Gay.” The author, in a prefatory note, states the following: “It was from the Nez Perce reservation, in the their territory of Idaho, that these letters were written by an unoffical member of her [Alice C. Fletcher] party. They were addressed to personal friends from whom they have been gathered by the compiler.” There is a list of photographs on pp. 22-25 and a list of drawings on p. 27. The first of the letters, on p. 35, was written in May 30, 1889 from Lewiston, Idaho.
Haudenosaunee: People Building a Long House – Official source of news and information from the Haudenosaunee (Hodenosaunee), comprised of the traditional leadership of the Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, Mohawk and Tuscarora Nations.
Heard Museum – Phoenix, Arizona museum has a “world-class collection of Native American art, which includes the Fred Harvey Company collection of 19th and 20th century ceramics, baskets, jewelry and textiles as well as the 420-piece Goldwater Kachina Doll collection” as well as Documentary Research Collections. The online exhibition Inventing the Southwest: the Fred Harvey Company and Native American Art “interprets how Native American art in the Southwest was shaped in the first half of this century by the marketing and collecting activities of the Fred Harvey Company.” Other resources include a Documentary Research Collections Guide and The Native American Fine Art Movement: A Resource Guide and Watchful Eyes: Native American Women Artists.
Hinds’ Precedents of the House of Representatives (1907) – Asher C. Hinds,Clerk at the Speaker’s Table, 1895 to 1910. With Search Page.
Hisatsinom and the Hohokam – Links to resources on the Hohokam people of Central Arizona, the ancestors of the Pima and Tohono O’odham Indians, and the Hisatsinom of the Four Corners, the ancestors of the Hopi, Zuni, and Pueblo Indians compiled by librarian Joel Rane.
History Cooperative – Project of the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the University of Illinois Press and the National Academy Press. You can search the Journal of American History and the American Historical Review. A search for Mohawk retrieves 15 results. Contents (full-text):
American Historical Review – from December, 1999
Journal of American History – from June 1999
Law and History Review – from Spring 1999
William and Mary Quarterly – from January 2001
History Matters – “Designed for high school and college teachers of U.S. History survey courses, this site serves as a gateway to Web resources and offers unique teaching materials, first-person primary documents and threaded discussions on teaching U.S. history.” Many Pasts “contains primary documents in text, image, and audio about the experiences of “ordinary” Americans throughout U.S. history.” (Examples: “The Moment That The Snows Are Melted The Indian Women Begin Their Work”: Iroquois Women Work the Fields by Joseph-François Lafitau; “Your People Live Only Upon Cod”: An Algonquian Response to European Claims of Cultural Superiority by Chrestien LeClerq; The Dutch Arrive: A Native Perspective by John Heckewelder.) WWW.History is an annotated guide to the most useful Web sites for teaching U.S. history and social studies.
History of Biomedicine – Indigenous Cultures – Collection of links from the Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
History of Museums and Ethnographic Collections – Pitt Rivers Museum, School of Anthropology and Museum Ethnography, University of Oxford. See site map.
History of the American West, 1860-1920 – Created by the Denver Public Library (see above) and now part of the National Digital Library Program at the Library of Congress, this collection “contains “over 30,000 photographs, drawn from the holdings of the Western History and Genealogy Department at Denver Public Library, illuminate many aspects of the history of the American West. Most of the photographs were taken between 1860 and 1920. They illustrate Colorado towns and landscape, document the place of mining in the history of Colorado and the West, and show the lives of Native Americans from more than forty tribes living west of the Mississippi River. Also included are World War II photographs of the 10th Mountain Division, ski troops based in Colorado who saw action in Italy.” Keyword searchable and indexed by subject and by name. Try searching for the following: Indians of North America, Wounded Knee, Dakota, Sioux, Ute, Pueblo, David Barry, George Beam, C. G. Morledge, Horace Poley, Edward Boos, Sitting Bull or Red Cloud. A search for Wounded Knee Massacre, for example, retrieves 85 photographs, each carefully catalogued and annotated and with a url which can be bookmarked. A search for Ben Wittick (1845-1903) retrieves 68 images of Zuni, Apache, Hopi and Navajo scenes.
History of the Indian Tribes of North America – By Thomas L. McKenney and James Hall. This was a three volume work published between 1837 and 1844 and is notable for the hand-colored lithographs by Henry Inman, based on portraits of Native Americans by Charles Bird King. See A Gathering of Nations: Images from McKenney & Hall’s History of the Indian Tribes of North America and McKenney & Hall’s History of the Indian Tribes of North America: A Selected Bibliography (pdf) by Alice M. Cornell.
History of the Northwest Coast – Bruce Hallman
Hudson’s Bay Company Archives – Held by the Provincial Archives of Manitoba. See the CBC Interviews.
Huntington Free Library’s Native American Collection – Cornell University collection, received June 15, 2004, is “comprised of more than 40,000 volumes on the archaeology, ethnology and history of the native peoples of the Americas from the colonial period to the present. Genres represented in great depth include books of voyage and exploration, missionary reports, ethnography, travel writing, native language dictionaries, captivity narratives, and children’s books.” The Fidelia Fielding Diaries consist of five volumes by Fidelia Hoscott Fielding (1827-1908), considered to be the last speaker and preserver of the Mohegan Pequot language. For additional information on the collection see p. 4 of the Cornell University Library Update for Spring 2005. The collection is valued at more than $8 million dollars and includes an album of original drawings by George Catlin. The collection was previously held by the Huntington Free Library, a public library in the Bronx, and, prior to that (1930), the Museum of the American Indian, then located in New York City. Following a lengthy legal battle over ownership between the Huntington Free Library and the Smithsonian Institution, which had absorbed the Museum of the American Indian in 1990, the collection was transferred to Cornell in June 2004. There are “plans to digitize a significant portion of its manuscript holdings and rare books. An exhibition drawn from the collection will go on view in the Hirshland Gallery in Kroch Library in October, 2005.” See ‘Vanished Worlds, Enduring People’ — Cornell’s Native American Collection goes on display in the Cornell Chronicle, October 19, 2005 and Vanished Worlds, Enduring People: Cornell University Library’s Native American Collection, the online exhibition.
“If you knew the conditions…”: Health Care to Native Americans – Online version of an exhibit held at the National Library of Medicine in 1994.
Hopi
* [There are many variations in search terms and spelling. When searching, particularly in older literature, look for Moki, Moqui, Moquis, Orayvi, Orabai, Oreibas, Tusayan, Sikyatki, Awatobi, Thomas Keam, Keams Canyon, Antelope Mesa, Jeddito…] American Museum of Natural History – New York. The Library provides access to Online Catalog. The Collections Database provides access to over 50,000 (47,000 in 2009) images and catalog descriptions from the North American Ethnographic Collection. See pottery food bowl with a stylized image of a parrot, accession No: 1912-23, by Nampeyo.
* Designs on Prehistoric Hopi Pottery – By Jesse Walter Fewkes. 78pp. Reprinted from the Thirty-Third Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1919. The full-text is available in pdf in Google Books and can be downloaded and printed. Harvard University owns the original copy signed by Fewkes. “Sikyatki pottery is “recognized as the most beautiful and elaborately decorated prehistoric pottery found in the Southwest.…a type of the most highly developed or golden epoch in Hopi ceramics” (p. 217). Winged figures predominate; many images provided starting on page 227 (30). Bibliography (Authorities Cited) is on p.284
Field Museum – Chicago. Was known as the Field Columbian Museum from 1895 to 1909. The Apache Collection “is largely a representative collection of approximately 900 objects, most of which were obtained in Arizona in 1901 and 1903 by Charles Owen, a Museum curator. This material is supplemented by a large collection purchased from Fred Harvey in 1905.” For resources see Library, Photography Collections, and Anthropology. Of particular interest is Fieldiana, available and searchable via the Internet Archive. “Fieldiana series has been published as Anthropological Series by Field Columbian Museum (1895-1909) and Field Museum of Natural History (1909-1943), and as Fieldiana: Anthropology by Chicago Natural History Museum (1945-1966) and Field Museum of Natural History (1966-).” Hopi-related articles include:
Oraibi natal customs and ceremonies (1905) by H. R. Voth and others, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 6, no.2, Publication No. 97, February 1905, describes the Stanley McCormick Hopi Expedition.
The Oraibi Powamu ceremony (1901) by H. R. Voth, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 3, no.2.
The Mishongnovi ceremonies of the Snake and Antelope fraternities (1902) by George Amos Dorsey, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 3, no.3.
The Oraibi Soyal ceremony (1901) – By George Amos Dorsey and H.R. Voth, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 3, no.1
The Oraibi summer snake ceremony (1903) – By H. R. Voth and George Amos Dorsey, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 3, no.4
The Oraibi Marau ceremony (1912) – By H. R. Voth and George Amos Dorsey, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 11, no.1.
The traditions of the Hopi (1905) – By H. R. Voth and George Amos Dorsey, Fieldiana, Anthropology, v. 8.
* Hopi Cultural Preservation Office
* Hopi Tribe – P.O. Box 123, Kykotsmovi, AZ 86039 (928-734-3000/3102 Fax: 928-734-6665). Benjamin H. Nuvamsa is the chairman of the Hopi Tribal Council, 1 Main Street, P.O. Box 123, Kykotsmovi, Arizona, 86039 (928-734-3100). The Bureau of Indian Affairs Hopi Agency Superintendent is Wendell Honanie, P.O. Box 158, Keams Canyon, Arizona, 86034 (928-738-2228).
* Nampeyo (Nampeo) – Hano.
* The Orayvi split: a Hopi transformation – By Peter M. Whiteley, Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, no. 87, 2008, 1137 pages, 170 figures, 98 tables. Issued March 3, 2008 (American Museum of Natural History Scientific Publications Library, Item 2246-5954.) Part II: The Documentary Record, pp. 843-1133, consists of primary sources.

Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology – Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Access is provided to Symbols, the the Peabody Museum’s annual magazine. Google Books provides full text access to a small number of volumes of the Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1904, 1910, 1911, 1920, 1922). Online Exhibitions include: Rainmakers from the Gods: Hopi Katsinam, Ethnography of Lewis and Clark: Native American Objects and the American Quest for Commerce and Science, Gifting and Feasting in the Northwest Coast Potlatch, and Against the Winds: American Indian Running Traditions. Online Collections “provides access to the Peabody Museum’s database for objects, paintings, prints, drawings, and photographs. The Peabody’s Online Database offers access to over 300,000 records for which there are images.” Searching by collector name is always interesting: Edward G. Fast, William R. Wright, Especially interesting are the mural paintings from Awotovi on Antelope Mesa (“Mural painting full scale reproduction on sand ground”). See Peabody accession numbers: 39-97-10/23059C, 39-97-10/23108C, 39-97-10/22988C, 39-97-10/23111C (Smith/Ewing Figure 78b), 39-97-10/23108C (Smith/Ewing Plate F). Search for photographs of people: Helen Claflin and Madeleine Amsden (2004.1.123.1.33)

Illustrating Traveler: Adventure and Illustration in North America and the Caribbean, 1760-1895 – Online exhibition offered by Yale’s Beinecke Rare Book Library includes a section on Encountering Native Americans.
Images Canada – Gateway to over 65,000 images from five Canadian institutions (Canada Science and Technology Museum, Glenbow Museum, National Library of Canada, Natural Resources Canada Earth Sciences Information Centre, Toronto Public Library). A search for Blackfoot, for example, retrieves 1419 images.
Images of Native Americans – Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley. “The Bancroft Library houses one the world’s finest collections of research materials relating to the history of California and the American West, and this exhibition presents a selection of visual materials relating to Native Americans. The panorama of images selected includes illustrations from rare books, pamphlets, journals, pulp magazines, newspapers, and ephemera in addition to selections of original photographs, including stereographs, lantern slides, and cyanotypes.”
Index of Native American Resources on the Internet – Karen M. Strom’s comprehensive site includes Native American Electronic Text Resources on the Internet and an Index of Artists whose work is shown on the site.
Indian and Northern Affairs – Canada (INAC) – Department created in 1966 is responsible for Indian and Inuit affairs, the residents of the Yukon and Northwest Territories and their resources. The department fulfils the lawful obligations of the federal government to Aboriginal peoples arising from treaties, the Indian Act and other legislation. Among the department’s Publications and Research are First Nation Profiles, which are searchable by First Nation, Tribal Council or Reserve name, Information Sheets, Treaty Information, and a Claims section. Other valuable resources at the site are the Oral Narratives and Aboriginal Pasts: An Interdisciplinary Review of the Literatures on Oral Traditions and Oral Histories an April 1996 report by Alexander von Gernet and First Nations in Canada, an historical overview of Aboriginal peoples in Canada. Full-text access to the publication Circles of Light is available from 2000 to 2002.
Indian Arts and Crafts Board (IACB) – U. S. Department of the Interior. See NARA description.
Indian Arts and Crafts Board Museums
Source Directory of Arts and Crafts Businesses – View by state.
Indian Country Today – Owned by Standing Stone Media, Inc., “an Indian owned and operated corporation and enterprise of the Oneida Indian Nation located within New York State.”
Indian Health Service – With information on the Health Professions Scholarship Program which provides financial assistance for American Indian and Alaska Native (Federally recognized only) students only enrolled in health professions and allied health professions programs. A List of Recipients of Indian Health Scholarships under the Indian Health Scholarship Program for 2001 appears in the Federal Register, April 4, 2001 (Volume 66, Number 65).
Indian Land Claims – Special section in the Syracuse Post Standard. See also the regional news sections for Cayuga and Madison counties.
Indian Lands in the United States – Detailed map showing Indian reservation boundaries provided by the BIA Geographic Data Service Center.
Indian Law Resource Center – “Legal advocacy for the protection of indigenous peoples’ human rights, cultures, and traditional lands so that Indian tribes and nations may flourish for generations to come.” Has information on Land Rights and Sovereignty and Self-governance. They provide background information on the Onondaga Nation Land Claim.
Indian Peoples of the Northern Great Plains – Searchable online database of over 1500 photograph, stereographs, and drawings is organized by tribe, including: Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Salish (Flathead), Kutenai, Chippewa-Cree, Gros Ventres (Atsina), and Assiniboine. (Montana State University.)
Indian Sentinel, 1902-1962 – Searchable full-text of 320 issues. Published by the Bureau of Catholic Indian Missions. Raynor Memorial Libraries, Marquette University.
Indians of California – Maintained by Tad Beckman, Humanities and Social Sciences Department, Harvey Mudd College. See also his Indians of the Great Basin.
Institute for the Preservation of the Original Languages of the Americas – Santa Fe.
Institute of American Indian and Alaska Native Culture and Arts Development – Has a good collection of links to Native American Cultural Resources.
Institute of American Indian Studies – University of North Dakota.
International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) – The aim of the Heritage at Risk is to “identify threatened heritage places, monuments and sites, present typical case studies and trends, and share suggestions for solving individual or global threats to our cultural heritage.” The U.S. National Committe offers papers presented at the annual Symposia: U.S. Preservation in the Global Context (2000) and Culture, Environment and Heritage (1999). The latter contains Snow and Fire in the Fourth World: Perspectives on Western Preservation and Hopi Cultural Preservation Initiative, a paper presented by Philip Cryan Marshall, Associate Professor, Historic Preservation Program, School of Architecture, Roger Williams University, Bristol, Rhode Island.
Internet Modern History Sourcebook – Part of Paul Halsall’s extensive Internet History Sourcebooks Project. There is a Native Americans section which provides links to Chief Black Hawk Autobiography, the Constitution of the Iroquois Confederacy and other important documents and primary sources.
Internet School Library Media Center – Site for librarians and teachers. Native American sections include Native American Internet Resources and Native American Authors.
inter/SECTION – Photographic exhibition by Jeffrey M. Thomas
Iroquois Doll Makers> – Located on the Cattaraugus Indian Reservation, home of the Seneca Nation of Indians.
Iroquois Nationals Lacrosse Team – Official site. (Diane Hoyt-Goldsmith has written a book for young people, Lacrosse: the National Game of the Iroquois, which focuses on 13-year-old Monte Lyons, a member of the Onondaga Nation and a third-generation lacrosse player.)
Iroquois Studies Association – Sponsors of the Otsiningo Pow Wow, held June 2-4, 2000. They have a good collection of Links of Interest.
Jacques and Jean de Lamberville – Jesuit missionaries to the Onondaga. Jacques was born in 1641 in Rouen (France) and died in 1710 in Quebec. His brother Jean was born in 1633 in Rouen and died in Paris in 1714. There are entries on Jacques and Jean de Lamberville and Catholic Indian Missions of the United States in the Catholic Encyclopedia. Search also in Early Canadiana Online for additional material.
Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, 1610 to 1791 – “This site contains entire English translation of the The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents, originally compiled and edited by Reuben Gold Thwaites and published by The Burrows BrothersCompany, Cleveland, throughout the latter part of the nineteenth century. Each file represents the total English contents of a single published volume. The original work has facing pages in the original French, Latin or Italian, depending on the author.” (Thom Mentrak and Rev. Raymond A. Bucko). (The Jesuit Relations are also available in Early Canadiana Online. Password not required.)
Jönköpings stadsbibliotek – Has a bibliography of Literature on Native Americans in Swedish – facts and fiction
Joslyn Art Museum – With a selection of images from its Western and Native American collections.
John Carter Brown Library – “One of the outstanding libraries of the world in the field of the history of the Americas, North and South, prior to 1825, and of European history as it bears on the Americas.” With access to online catalog.
Journal of American Indian Education – Peer reviewed scholarly journal, which publishes papers specifically related to the education of American Indians and Alaska Natives published by the Center for Indian Education of the College of Education at Arizona State University. The site is searchable and provides full-text of past volumes from 1961 to 1993.
Journals of Arthur Wellington Clah: Native American and Christian Convert – Clah (1831-1916), was a Tsimshian, from the coast of British Columbia and an assistant to the English missionary William Duncan. “Clah’s journals thus cover turbulent years in the history of his people. They deal with day-to-day personal issues, of course -Clah’s trading activities, fishing expeditions, the weather, religious musings – but were also intended to form a broader history of his people during these years, with material on the disputes between Duncan and the CMS as well as epidemics, survivals of potlatch ceremonies, relations between Native Americans and whites and native land claims. The latter are particularly prevalent.” These journals fill over 70 notebooks and are owned by the Western Manuscripts division of the History of Medicine Library of the Wellcome Trust in London. Although only a few pages from the journal are available online, queries about the Clah journals can be directed to the Library’s Department of Archives and Manuscripts (arch+mss@wellcome.ac.uk). A subject search in the library’s online catalog for Tsimshian Indians retrieves 9 records. In BC Studies: The British Columbia Quarterly there is a special issue on Native Peoples and Colonialism, Numbers 115/116, Autumn/Winter 1997-98, which has an article by R.M. Galois: Colonial Encounters: The Worlds of Arthur Wellington Clah, 1855-1881 (pp. 105-147).
Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition – University of Nebraska.
Justice Systems of Indian Nations
Kahon:wes’s Mohawk & Iroquois Homepage Index
Kansas Collection – University of Kansas digital collection contains full text Books, articles, images and other primary sources.
Kappler’s Indian Affairs: Laws & Treaties – “Historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S.treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes. The volumes cover U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 (Volume II) and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970 (Volumes I, III-VII). The work was first published in 1903-04 by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Enhanced by the editors’ use of margin notations and a comprehensive index, the information contained in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties is in high demand by Native peoples, researchers, journalists, attorneys, legislators, teachers and others of both Native and non-Native origins.” A project of the Oklahoma State University Library.
Keith Secola and Wild Band of Indians – Native musician. Songs include NDN Kars, Innocent Man, Fry Bread. and Wazza Bat. Secola is interviewed by Terry Gross on NPR’s Fresh Air (in RealAudio) on January 18, 2000.
Keshi Zuni Collection – Arts & crafts from the Zuni Pueblo. Items for sale include traditional Zuni jewelry, fetish carvings and medicine bags.
King, Charles Bird (1785-1862) – American artist known for his portraits of delegates of various tribes who visited Washington D.C. in 1821.
Lakota Dakota Bibliography – Raymond A. Bucko, Creighton University
Lakota na Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin: Lakota Information Home Page – Joint project by Martin Broken Leg at Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD, and Raymond Bucko at Le Moyne College, Syracuse, NY. Includes links to Lakota Electronic Texts.
Legal Information Institute – Cornell Law School site has a section on Indian Law Materials. Similar resources include Washburn University School of Law’s Native American Law (part of WashLaw Web), Emory Law Library’s Native American Law Links,University of Oklahoma Law Center’s comprehensive Native American Legal Resources, FedLaw: Native Americans, and Hieros Gamos’ Guide to Native Peoples Law. The U.S. Department of the Interior has a Library with an online catalog and links to Legal Sources which include the Bureau of Indian Affairs Laws and Executive Orders.
Lenape-English Dictionary – From an anonymous ms. in the archives of the Moravian Church…By Daniel Garrison Brinton, David Zeisberger, Albert Seqaqkind Anthony, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, 1888, 228 pages. The Peabody Museum (Harvard) copy is available in pdf format through Google Books. See also Moravian Archives and Inventory of the records of the Indian Missions, 1742-1898 (1980) (136 page pdf document).
Leonard Peltier Defense Committee
Library and Archives Canada – A search for natives, limited to descriptions with a digitized image, in Archivanet: Documentary Art retrieves over 270 images including Indian Encampment, Fort William (Ontario) by William Armstrong and Head of a Sioux Indian (1867) by Alfred Jacob Miller. Other artists include Millicent Mary Chaplin, Sydney Prior Hall and William George Richardson Hind.

Library Catalogs:
American Museum of Natural History – New York. The Library provides access to Online Catalog.
Dallas Museum of Art Library
Library of Congress Online Catalog
Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC) – “Contains catalog records and digital images representing a rich cross-section of still pictures held by the Prints & Photographs Division and other units of the Library. It provides access through group or item records to about 50% of the Division’s holdings. About 90% of the records are accompanied by one or more digital images.” Search records in the 30 collections of the Prints and Photographs Division. With Subject Index and All Text Search. Two useful tools: Preview Images will display thumbnails in batches; Display Images with Neighboring Call Numbers will locate photographs from the same geographic area. There is also a Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (in two parts).

Library of Congress Map Collections
Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Online Catalog (PPOC) – “Contains catalog records and digital images representing a rich cross-section of still pictures held by the Prints & Photographs Division and other units of the Library. It provides access through group or item records to about 50% of the Division’s holdings. About 90% of the records are accompanied by one or more digital images.” Search records in the 30 collections of the Prints and Photographs Division. With Subject Index and All Text Search. Two useful tools: Preview Images will display thumbnails in batches; Display Images with Neighboring Call Numbers will locate photographs from the same geographic area. There is also a Thesaurus for Graphic Materials (in two parts).

Library of Congress Webcasts – See also Library of Congress Podcasts
Indian Religious Freedom, to Litigate or Legislate? – 28 November 2007 [65 minutes]
Hoop Dances by Dallas Chief Eagle and Jasmine Pickner 15 November 2007. “Dallas Chief Eagle, Rosebud Sioux tribal member, and Jasmine Pickner of the Crow Creek Sioux tribe are both world-traveled hoop dancers.” [58 minutes]
Native American Heritage Month Keynote Address – Representatvie Tom Cole, 6 November 2007. “Rep. Tom Cole, who is a fifth-generation Oklahoman and a member of the Chickasaw Nation, is the only Native American currently serving in the U.S. Congress.” [54 minutes]
Guiding Our Destiny – Loriene Roy, 2 November 2007 [45 minutes]. Roy is a librarian and a member of the Minnesota Chippewa Tribe.
Indian Yell: The Heart of an American Insurgency – Michael Blake, 25 June 2007 [69 minutes].
Re-thinking Conquest: Spanish and Native Experiences in the Americas – Felipe Fernandez-Armesto, 9 November 2006 [61 minutes].
Native American Women Writers discuss new book, Sister Nations, (03/04/2003);
Vine Deloria Jr.: Bookfest 02 – 10/12/2002 [25 minutes]
Tony Hillerman Part 1 – 10/12/2002
Tony Hillerman Part 2 – 10/12/2002
Luci Tapahonso: Bookfest 02 – 10/12/2002
Fernando & Marlene Divina: Book Fest 05 – 9/24/2005
Mesa Verde Prehistoric Public Works – Kenneth R. Wright, 20 October 2003 [60 minutes].
Virginia Sneve: Bookfest 02 – 10/12/2002
Susan Power: Bookfest 03 – 10/04/2003
MariJo Moore: Bookfest 04 – 10/09/2004
Cynthia Smith: Bookfest 02 – 10/12/2002

Library of Daniel Garrison Brinton – By John M. Weeks, With the assistance of Andree Suplee, Larissa M. Kopytoff and Kerry Moore, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, 2002. [455 page pdf document]. “Brinton was one of the academic pioneers in American anthropology” whose “most significant contributions were in the field of religion and mythology. He collected, translated, and annotated texts of indigenous mythology and folklore for his Library of Aboriginal American Literature series (1882–1890).” The Brinton Library at the University of Pennsylvania consists of over four thousand items (no single catalog yet available). See also The Daniel Garrison Brinton Collection by John M. Weeks, in Penn Library Collections at 250. Search Google Books to locate full text of his books. Some of his language-related titles include Grammar of the Choctaw language (Harvard College Library Copy); Linguistic cartography of the Chaco region; A Lenape-English dictionary, and A grammar of the Cakchiquel language of Guatemala. Volumes in Brinton’s Library of Aboriginal American Literature series include:
Chronicles of the Mayas (No. 1)
Iroquois Book of Rites – Edited by Horatio Hale (No. II), Princeton University Library copy.
Comedy-Ballet of Gueguence (No. III)
Migration Legend of the Creek Indians by Albert S. Gatschet (No. IV)
The Lenape and their legends (No, V)
Annals of the Cakchiquels (No. VI), Indiana University copy
Ancient Nahuatl Poetry (No. VII)
Rig Veda Americanus: Sacred Songs of the Ancient Mexicans (No. VIII)

Life Photo Archive – Hosted by Google.
A Line in the Sand – Directory of Internet resources on cultural property, sovereignty, stereotypes, and legal resources.
Literary History of the American West – Sponsored by the Western Literature Association and published by Texas Christian University Press in 1986, the book is now out-of-print, but the full-text version is available online in both html and pdf formats. With Contents and Index. Has chapters on Native Oral Traditions, Western American Indian Writers, 1854–1960, American Indian Fiction, 1968–1983 and Western American Indian Poetry 1968–1983.
Logan Museum of Anthropology – Beloit College, Wisconsin.
Lost and Found Sounds – NPR series on sound artifacts from this century (lost languages, vanished dialects, extinct speech). With RealAudio Archive. In House of Night: The Lost Creation Songs of the Mohave People, you can hear recordings of Emmett Van Fleet made by Guy Tyler on the Colorado River Indian Reservation in Parker, Arizona in the 1960s.
McDougall Sound Archaeological Research Project – Virtual slide show depicting archaeological research carried out in the Canadian High Arctic.
Magee Photograph Collection – “Selection of nearly 1,000 digitized photographic negatives depicting life on the Blackfeet Nation [Browning, Montana] and in Glacier National Park [U.S.] during the early twentieth century.” University of Lethbridge Library.
Making of America – Digital library of nineteenth century books and journal volumes. The digitization project was undertaken at both the University of Michigan and Cornell University with funding from the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation. Search both collections: Michigan and Cornell. You can also browse periodical titles at Cornell and Michigan. A sampling of the full-text titles available:
Tah-koo wah-kan; or, the gospel among the Dakotas (1869) – By Stephen R. Riggs
Narrative of my captivity among the Sioux Indians (1871) – By Fanny Kelly.
Condition of the Indian tribes. Report of the joint special committee, appointed under joint resolution of March 3, 1865, submitted by James R. Doolittle, Chairman of the Joint Special Committee, January 26, 1867. “The committee are of opinion that in a large majority of cases Indian Wars are to be traced to the aggressions of lawless white men…” (page 5). This report, on pages 26-98, contains witness accounts of the Sand Creek Massacre, also known as the Chivington Massacre, of November 29, 1864, in which John M. Chivington and a regiment of Colorado volunteers killed between 200 and 400 Cheyenne, most of them women and children. For more information, see Documents on the Sand Creek Massacre from PBS’s The West.
Documentary History of the State of New-York (1849) by E. B. (Edmund Bailey) O’Callaghan (1797-1880). For more on O’Callaghan see New York: the State of History by Joseph F. Meany Jr., originally presented in 1994 as the New York State Historian’s “State of History” Address to the annual meeting of the Association of Public Historians of New York State. Meany describes O’Callaghan’s Documentary history of the state of New-York (4 vols.) thus: ” although a potpourri of material, it is important as the first time New York State published a collection of documentary sources. As such, The Documentary History of New York is still used by students and scholars today and many of us are familiar with its four fat volumes sitting on our bookshelves.” Volume II includes The Papers relating to western New-York and The Manuscripts of Sir William Johnson, (Section III, pp. 543-1009), and is particularly intereesting. In 1746 Johnson was named Commissary for Indian Affairs by Governor Clinton of New York and in 1755 was appointed Superintendent of Indian Affairs by Major General Braddock. (See also Sir William Johnson and the six nations (1891) by William Elliot Griffis.) Volume II consists of the following sections:

I. Papers Relating to Lt. Gov. Liesler’s Administration [1689-1691] p. 1
II. Early Rate Lists of Long Island [1675, 1676 & 1683] p. 439
III. Manuscripts of Sir William Johnson, [From the originals on file in the Secretary of State’s Dep’t Albany] p. 543
IV. Early Steam Navigation, p. 1011
V. Papers Relating to Western New-York, p. 1103. The Index is on pp. 1190-1212

The first entry on p. 545 is the Proceedings of Commissioners from 6 Provinces Met at Albany Anno 1754 on Indian Affairs, p. 868 is the Journal of Indn Transactions at Niagara, in the Year 1767 From 2d July to the 24th September and on p. 632 is a description of a Condolence Ceremony at Onondaga on September 8, 1753.

“September the 8th 1753. Entered the Onondaga Castle being mett by the Sachims a Mile on this Side, who said they were allready to receive me, Soon after I was seated, the Red Head one of the Chief Sachims of that Castle, rose up, and Spoke as follows: Brother Warraghiiyagey. As You enter our Meeting Place with wett Eyes, & sorrowfull Hearts, in Conjunction with our Bretheren the Mohawks, we do with this string of Wampum wipe away your tears, and asswage your greif, that you may speak freely in this Assembly –Here they gave the String of Wampum — Here follows what I said to the General Convention of the Six Nations att Onondaga spoke by Hendrick the Chief of the Mohawks — Bretheren of the Six Nations–The great conscern I am under for the loss of our three great and beloved Brothers, Caghniagarota, Onughsadego, and Gahusquerowana, who in their time made Your Assembly compleat makes it incumbent on me to condole thier death, and as it is a great loss to Us in general, I do by these three Belts of Wampum dry up your tears that we may see each other, clear your throats that we may speak together and wash away their Blood out of our Sight, and cover their Bones with these Strowd Blankets.”

Marius Barbeau – Barbeau was an anthropologist at the Canadian Museum of Civilization. “Barbeau’s first research interest was the Native peoples of Eastern Canada, especially the Huron. His research included the songs, customs, legends, art and social organization of Native cultures in the Western and Prairie regions.” See objects, photographs and publications. For example Totem Poles: According to Crests and Topics, National Museum of Canada bulletin; 119-Vol. I, 1950; and Assomption Sash, National Museum of Canada. 51 p., 1937.
Mascots – The 46 minute documentary In Whose Honor? American Indian Mascots in Sports (1997) tells the story of Charlene Teters. See review by Orlando Archibeque, Auraria Library, University of Colorado at Denver. Distributed by New Day Films, 190 Route 17M, P.O. Box 1084, Harriman, NY. Teters is a founding member of the National Coalition on Racism in Sports and the Media. See also American Indian Sports Team Mascots.
Mashantucket Pequot Museum and Research Center – “World’s largest and most comprehensive Native American museum and research center .” There ia access to Online catalog.
Maxwell Museum of Anthropology – University of New Mexico, Albuquerque. The materials in the Clark Field Archive & Library are cataloged in Libros, the online catalog of the University of New Mexico.
Martyrdom of Leonard Peltier – Scott Anderson, Outside Magazine, July 1995.
Massachusetts Historical Society – Provides access to Abbigal, the library’s online catalog.
Media Resources Center – University of California, Berkeley, has a bibliography of books and journal articles on Native Americans in the Movies, short descriptions of movies in Movies and Ethnic Representation: Native Americans and a list of Westerns in their collection.
Medical Plant Images – Michael Moore, Southwest School of Botanical Medicine, Bisbee, Arizona. Over 1600 images and maps. With Index.
Memories Come To Us In the Rain and the Wind – Extracts from Oral Histories and Photographs of Navajo Uranium Miners & Their Families. (In Motion Magazine)
Mesoamerican Archaeology WWW Page – Also offers Pre-Columbian Archaeology Related Links.
Miami Indians Ethnohistory Archives – Glenn Black Laboratory of Archaeology, Indiana University.
Michigan County Histories – “The Michigan County Histories collection is a collaborative effort of Michigan’s Council of Library Directors. The collection is projected to provide access to 192 histories dating from 1866 to 1926. There are 202 volumes in 170 titles currently online.” One of the titles in the collection, Historic Michigan, land of the Great Lakes; its life, resources, industries, people, politics, government, wars, institutions, achievements, the press, schools and churches, legendary and prehistoric lore (1924) by George N. Fuller, has a chapter on the Indian Treaty of Saginaw, pp. 271-286. In an account of a January 1860 trial (Michigan Reports, vol. v., Cooley), there are extracts from the testimony of Chippewa witnesses who were present at the signing of the 1819 treaty.
Mi’kmaq Portraits Collection – 660 selections from the Nova Scotia Museum’s Mi’kmaq Portraits Database.
MIT AISES – Homepage of the MIT Chapter of the American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) and also the homepage of the Native American Student Association (NASA).
“Modern Spartans” on the Great Plains: The Ascent of the Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, 1838-1869 – Richard S. Grimes, Volume One, No. 4 of Journal of the Indian Wars, Savas Publishing Co..
Mohawk Nation Council of Chiefs
Mountain Men and the Fur Trade: Sources of the History of the Fur Trade in the Rocky Mountain West – With a Library of Western Fur Trade Historical Source Documents. Among the titles is Three Years Among the Indians and Mexicans (1846) by Thomas James, which has considerable material on Santa Fe and the Comanche Indians.
Movies – From Amazon.com – Recommended items include:
Smoke Signals (1998) – First movie written, directed and co-produced by Native Americans. It was based on stories from Sherman Alexie’s The Lone Ranger and Tonto Fistfight in Heaven. There is information on Alexie, a Spokane Coeur d’Alêne Indian, in Modern American Poetry. You can also buy the movie’s soundtrack which features music by Ulali.
Dance Me Outside(1994) – Film by Bruce McDonald, based on W.P. Kinsella’s novel of the same name. It features the music of Keith Secola, whose Homeland won Best Instrumental Recording at the 2001 Native American Music Awards.
Michael Apted’s Incident at Oglala – The Leonard Peltier Story (1992), described by New York Times reviewer Janet Maslin as a “straightforward, meticulous documentary” is available in dvd or video. Apted’s Thunderheart (1992) was filmed on the Pine Ridge Reservation and employs many Indian actors, including John Trudell and Chief Ted Thin Elk.
Musée du quai Branly – Paris. You can search the collection of this Paris museum whose many strengths include cultural objects from the Americas (97,372). The site’s a bit difficult to use if you don’t know French, but here’s how to see some of the objects in the collection: click on Explorer les Collections, select le catalogue des objets from the sidebar menu, then select Voir le catalogue des objets . Under Sélectionner un crit&egravere de recherche, select Ethonyme(s) from the drop-down menu and in the Saisir la recherche box type in Sioux. This search retrieves 85 images including a beaded bag (Petit sac en peau. Décor perlé, N° inventaire : 71.1990.174.7), and several pairs of beaded mocassins. Try also Blackfoot or Iroquois. Past exhibitions (manifestations passées) include: Premi&egraveres nations, collections royales (January 2007). See Sam Solomon’s review, Quebec Heritage News, Fall 2007.
Museum of the Cherokee Indian
Nahuatl Home Page – “Aztec [Nahua] studies in general and the Aztec language, Nahuatl, in particular.”
National American Indian Court Judges Association (NAICJA)
National Anthropological Archives – Located at the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution in Washington DC, the NAA collections include 20,588 works of native art, mainly North American, Asian and Oceanic which are described in the Guide to the Collections of the National Anthropological Archives. The collection is searchable via SIRIS. They have a good collection of links to Ethnographic and Anthropological Resources. Extensive images can be found in Kiowa Drawings, which include Fort Marion Artists, drawings produced by Kiowa men imprisoned at Fort Marion in the 1870s; Anthropological Illustrations, primarily of shields and tipis; a Pictorial Calendar, produced by Silver Horn (Haungooah), in 1904; Silver Horn’s Target Record Book, which includes scenes of warfare, courting, personal dress, the Sun Dance, and stories of the mythical trickster figure, Saynday; and Twentieth Century Art by the Kiowa Five – Spencer Asah, James Auchiah, Jack Hokeah, Stephen Mopope, Monroe Tsatoke and, briefly, Lois Smokey, all of whom studied at the University of Oklahoma in the late 1920s. Researchers may be interested in the Papers of Raoul Weston La Barre. La Barre was an anthropologist and ethnologist who studied ethnobotany, particularly peyote, the Kiowa Indians and the Native American Church. Daniel C. Swan (author of Peyote Religious Art: Symbols of Faith and Belief, University Press of Mississippi, 1999) has created a database of La Barre’s research notes which will be available on the Web. See also Scanned Artwork and Photograph Collections.
National Archeological Database: Reports – “Expanded bibliographic inventory of approximately 240,000 reports on archeological investigation and planning, mostly of limited circulation. This “gray literature” represents a large portion of the primary information available on archeological sites in the U.S. NADB-Reports can be searched by state, county, worktype, cultural affiliation, keyword, material, year of publication, title, and author.” Hosted by the Center For Advanced Spatial Technologies under a cooperative agreement with the National Park Service. Has a section on the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act.

National Archives and Records Administration – Valuable resource. For example, a search for Wheeler-Howard Act retrieved a number of interesting items including scanned images of Sample Records from the Senate Subcommittee on Indian Affairs. A search for Bureau of Indian Affairs retrieved 77996 items.
Search Hints for Genealogical Data in ARC also has useful information for Native Americans
Photographs of the American West: 1861-1912 – Has 196 images of Native Americans including one of the William B. Douglas party with Navajo and Paiute Indians, celebrating their discovery of Rainbow Bridge, Utah, as they eat watermelon in Paiute Canyon, 1909. You can also search for Dawes Commission applications (Dawes Rolls). Do a keyword search with Dawes on one line and an individual’s name on the next line. A standard keyword search for example for Dawes and Green retrieves 64 results. Click on display results. You can also limit your results to digital copies only by using the Digital Copies Search Form. “Commonly called the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, the Dawes Commission was appointed by President Grover Cleveland in 1893 to negotiate with the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole tribes. In return for abolishing their tribal governments and recognizing state and federal laws, tribe members were allotted a share of common property. Heads of families, orphans, and children could receive 40 to 160 acres of land by proving their tribal membership. This series contains the original applications for tribal enrollments under the act of June 28, 1898, as well as supporting documents such as birth and death affidavits, marriage licenses, transcripts of testimony taken by the Commission, correspondence relating to the status of the application, and decisions and orders of the Commission.” Of particular interest is the Index to the Final Rolls of Citizens and Freedmen of the Five Civilized Tribes in Indian Territory (Dawes) and the Index to the Applications Submitted for the Eastern Cherokee Roll of 1909, also known as the Guion Miller Roll, which “includes the names of all persons applying for compensation arising from the judgment of the United States Court of Claims on May 28, 1906, for the Eastern Cherokee tribe. While numerous individuals applied, not all the claims were allowed. The information included on the index is the application number, the name of the applicant, and the State or Territory in which the individual resided at the time the application was filed.”
Native American Records
Record Group 75: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs [BIA]

National Archives of Canada – Ottawa. A number of digital collections are available, among which are Pride and Dignity: Aboriginal Portraits (c.1846 – c.1960) (which includes a portrait of Peter Newhouse, Onondaga and Chiefs from the Six Nations Reserve at Brantford, Ontario, reading Wampum belts), Indian Treaties (with scanned images of 13 treaties ranging from 1795 to 1808), Canadian West, and Tracing the History of New France. In ArchiviaNet you can limit your search to Descriptions with a digitized image. For example, a search for Indian$ in the Photographs Database (with 10,000 digitized images), limiting to Descriptions with a digitized image, retrieved over 300 images. The same search, in the Documentary Art Database (with 5,000 digitized images in the public domain) retreived over 100 images including Major John Norton, Teyoninhokarawen, the Mohawk Chief (1805), A View of the Rapids and Falls of Niagara from the Heights of Chippewa, with an encampment of Senekas (1804), Indian Wigwam in Lower Canada (1848), Moose hunter Quebec (1840), Shoshonie Woman: Throwing the Lasso (1867), Mary Bernard Whykokamagh (1840-46), and Indian Lodge United States (1867). Among ArchiviaNet’s Research Tools are the Colonial Archives Database (with 35,000 digital images) and Government of Canada Files (with over 16,000 digital images). Also useful is Aboriginal Peoples: Guide to the Records of the Government of Canada.
National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine – This National Institutes of Health site is searchable and has information on herbal and folk medicine. The CAM Citation Index consists of more than 175,000 bibliographic citations from 1963 to the present (from MEDLINE). The CRISP Database is a biomedical database of research projects and programs and the CAM Newsletter has a searchable archives of back issues.
National Congress of American Indians – Founded in 1944, the NCAI is “the oldest, largest and most representative national Indian organization serving the needs of a broad membership of American Indian and Alaska Native governments.”
National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum – Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. On 3 September 2006 a keyword search for Sioux in the Donald C. & Elizabeth M. Dickinson Research Center Image Archive retrieved 138 records.
National Gallery of Art – A search for the artist George Catlin (checking off the images only box), retrieves 294 works of art by the artist, many portraying Indian chiefs.
National Gallery of Canada – Ottawa. Cybermuse provides access to over 10,000 images. See, for example, works by Paul Kane (1810 -1871), Cornelius Krieghoff (1815 -1872), Frederick A. Verner (1836 -1928), Emily Carr (1871 -1945), Jessie Oonark (1906 -1985), and Robert Houle (1947- ). There are two portraits of Joseph Brant, one by George Romney – Joseph Brant (Thayendanegea) 1776 and another by William Berczy – Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant) c. 1807, both with audioguides. Other items of interest include a Beaded Sash by an unknown Huron-Wendat artist, Beaded Shoulder Bag by an unknown Anishnaabe [Ojibwa] artist, Pair of Beaded Leather Cuffs by an unknown Plains artist, all with audioguides.
National Gambling Impact Study Commission – With Research Reports, Gambling Statutes Database and a report on Native American Gaming. The Gambling Impact and Behavior Study: Final Report was prepared by the National Opinion Research Center at the University of Chicago.
National Indian Education Association
National Indian Gaming Association
National Museum of American Art – Smithsonian museum has over 3,000 online images, searchable and browsable by subject. Over 300 artworks are found under the subject Native American Life and Culture, including works by George Catlin, Awa Tsireh, Elbridge Ayer Burbank and McKenney and Hall.
National Museum of the American Indian – Smithsonian Institution site includes exhibitions, allows you to listen to Native American Music (Wood That Sings: Indian Fiddle Music of the Americas and Creation’s Journey: Native American Music), and provides links to Other Native American Sites. Current exhibitions can be viewed via Conexus. There are 150 photographs, with descriptions, of Native American cultural presentations taking place on the Mall on August 10 and 11, 1996. The Film and Video Center has information on the 2000 Native American Film and Video Festival. You can listen to two radio programs on Memory and Imagination: The Legacy of Maidu Indian Artist Frank Day and Coyote Bites Back: Indian Humor. Their NativeNetworks provides information about film, video and radio produced by indigenous peoples of the Americas and Hawai’i. You can search the collection. A search for Nampeyo, for example, retrieves image and description of object, including original catalog card:
Polacca Polychrome jar – “Large jar representing four bowls on top of each other, white ware, red and black painted decoration. Hopi, Arizona, William M. Fitzhugh Collection”, from original catalog card, number 19/4358.
Potter Building Her Kiln – Photograph by Edward Sheriff Curtis, 1906. “Nampeyo (1859-1942), Hopi Pueblo woman, firing pottery outside.” Catalog number: P1369.
Hopi potter Nampeyo (1869-1942) painting a large pottery vessel inside an adobe house at First Mesa – Photograph by Edward Sheriff Curtis, 1900. Catalog number: P04608.
National Film Board of Canada – Good resource for locating Native films. The site is searchable and includes a category for First Nations Peoples of Canada. Recently released is Rocks at Whiskey Trench, by Alanis Obomsawin, a member of the Abenaki Nation and one of Canada’s most distinguished documentary filmmakers. This is her fourth film in a series on the 1990 Oka crisis. (The others were Kanehsatake: 270 Years of Resistance (1993), My Name is Kahentiiosta (1995) and Kahnawake Man (1997).)
National Portrait Gallery: Native Americans – Portraits of distinguished North American Indians accompanied by biographical information.
National Public Radio Online – Provides a list of programs, many with online audio resources, Directory of NPR Stations and links to Talk Shows. The Saturday, March 06,1999, Weekend Edition piece, Lost Brain [RealAudio sound file], features a talk with anthropologist Orin Starn, who helped to track-down the long lost brain of Ishi, a man known as the “last wild Stone Age Indian.” Laura Sydell reports on the the burial of Ishi in her August 8th, 2000 Morning Edition story, Remains of Last Yahi Indian To Receive Proper Burial [RealAudio sound file] . In Who is Indian?, (Morning Edition, January 31, 2001), Cheryl Corley talked to urban Indians in Chicago to get an idea of the challenges they face today.
National Register of Historic Places – Offers a section on Teaching with Historic Places: Native American History which includes The Battle of Oriskany: “Blood Shed a Stream Running Down”, The Lewis & Clark Expedition: Documenting the Uncharted Northwest, The Battle of Honey Springs: The Civil War Comes to the Indian Territory, The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures, Gran Quivira: A Blending of Cultures in a Pueblo Indian Village, Knife River: Early Village Life on the Plains and San Antonio Missions: Spanish Influence in Texas.
National Society for American Indian Elderly – Organization to improve the quality of life for on-reservation American Indian senior citizens through a network of tribally established and administered services.
National Union Catalog of Manuscript Collections – Searchable via RLIN AMC File Advanced Search Form, an Easy Search Form (word list) and an Easy Search Form (left-anchored phrase). A search for Iroquois, for example, retrieves over 170 records, among which is a citation which leads to a description of the Gideon Hawley Papers owned by the Congregational Library and Archives in Boston and available in microfilm. Hawley established a mission among the Six Nations on the Susquehanna in 1754, near Windsor, New York. Volume 1 contains journal documentation of Hawley’s mission to the Six Nations from January 27-September 1754 and April 20, 1755-January 1756.
Native American Actors
Native American Authors – Internet Public Library project provides “information on Native North American authors with bibliographies of their published works, biographical information, and links to online resources including interviews, online texts and tribal websites”
Native American Constitution and Law Digitization Project – Cooperative effort among the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library (NILL), and Native American tribes providing access to the Constitutions, Tribal Codes, and other legal documents.
Native American Consultation Database – Tool for identifying consultation contacts for each Indian tribe, Alaska Native corporation and Native Hawaiian organization.
Native American Criminal Justice Resources – Maintained by Charles L. Dreveskracht, Criminal Justice & Legal Studies Department, Northeastern State University.
Native American Documents Project – California State University, San Marcos has a large collection of Rogue River War and Siletz Reservation documents.
Native American Ethnobotany Database: Foods, Drugs, Dyes, and Fibers of Native North American Peoples – Dan Moerman, Professor of Anthropology, University of Michigan. “The current edition of the database is substantially enlarged and including foods, drugs, dyes, fibers and other uses of plants (a total of over 44,000 items). This represents uses by 291 Native American groups of 4,029 species from 243 different plant families.”
Native American Genealogy – Maintained by bbbenge@aol.com
Native American Genealogy – Christine Cheryl Charity’s collection of annotated links is part of the larger African American Genealogy Resources.
Native American Grave Protection and Repatriation Act (1990) – ArchNet
Native American Heritage Month – Library of Congress
Native American History Archive: A New Center for Native American Studies in Internetworked Classrooms – Institute for Learning Technologies, Teacher’s College, Columbia University.
Native American History Class Projects – “Projects developed by Duke University students in Professor Peter Wood’s Native American History class. They are based on documentary sources from the Duke University Special Collections Library and were developed in collaboration with the library’s Digital Scriptorium.They include transcribed text from manuscripts, scanned images of photographs and manuscript pages, and analytical essays by the students.”
Native American Legal Materials Microfiche Collection – Historical collection of laws, treaties, and law-related materials produced by the Law Library Microform Consortium. In 1995 the Washburn University School of Law Library undertook a project to provide access through its online catalog to all of the titles in the NALM collection.
Native American Literature: Remembrance, Renewal – By Geary Hobson. From the February 2000 issue of U.S. Society & Values, a publication of the U. S. Department of State.
Native American Manuscript Collection – University of Georgia collection includes A Grammar of the Maskwke, or Creek Language, also known as “A Muscogee Grammar”, published in 1860 by H. F. Buckner.
Native American Music Awards
Native American Political Systems and the Evolution of Democracy: An Annotated Bibliography (c1996, 1997) – Bruce E. Johansen, Professor of Communication and Native American Studies, University of Nebraska at Omaha, has assembled this “bibliography of commentary on assertions that the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) and other Native American confederacies helped shape ideas of democracy in the early United States.”
Native American Pow Wow Calendar – Four Winds Trading Co.
Native American Public Telecommunications – Offers an audio and video archives. Topics include Kinaalda: A Navajo Rite of Passage, On & Off the Res’ with Charlie Hill (Indian stereotypes) and Social Security Conference with speeches by Wilma Mankiller, former Principal Chief of the Cherokee Nation, Alma Snell, Ethno-Botanist, Crow Indian Reservation and Dan Wildcat, Haskell Indian Nations University given at the American Indian-Alaska Native National Service Delivery Conference held March 14, 15 and 16, 2000 in Denver, Colorado. You can also listen to two radio programs from the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of the American Indian on Memory and Imagination: The Legacy of Maidu Indian Artist Frank Day and Coyote Bites Back: Indian Humor.
Native American Recipes – From SOAR, the searchable online archive of recipes.
Native American Rights Fund (NARF) – Nation’s leading Indian law firm located in Boulder, Colorado. Offers Case Updates and a valuable collection of Resources which includes access to their online catalog and material on “Tribalizing Indian Education” and Education Law. They publish the bi-annual NARF Legal Review.
Native American Sites – Outstanding subject guide maintained by Lisa Mitten, “a mixed-blood Mohawk urban Indian, and a librarian at the University of Pittsburgh.” She provides the following categories: Information on Individual Native Nations, Organizations and Urban Indian Centers, Tribal Colleges, Native Studies Programs, and Indian Education, Native Languages, The Mascot Issue, Media, Powwows and Festivals, Music and Art, Business and General Indian-Oriented Home Pages.
Native American Studies – Subscription-based resources from Congressional Information Service (CIS) (representing Lexis-Nexis) provides a number of valuable resources including Early American Indian Documents: Treaties and Laws, 1607–1789 edited by Alden T. Vaughan.
Native American Treaties and Information – Maintained by Margaret M. Jobe, Government Publications, University Libraries, University of Colorado at Boulder.
Native Americans and the Environment – American Indian Heritage Foundation
Native Americans and the Environment – Sponsored by the Center for Conservation Biology at Rice University
Native Americans and the Environment – Sierra Magazine, Vol. 81, November/December 1996
Native Americas – Award-winning publication of Akwe:kon Press of the American Indian Program at Cornell University.
Government Publications Native Americans in the Movies: A Bibliography of Materials in the UC Berkeley Library – Books and journal articles
Native Americans in the Present Tense – Describes Harvard’s Native American Program. (Harvard Magazine, September-October, 1999.)
Native Peoples Magazine – Selected articles from current issue.
Native Sense – James McCanna, a trial attorney and Yupik Eskimo, maintains this site on Native American Indian law and federal legislation regarding Indians.
NativeAuthors.com (North American Native Authors Catalog) – Online bookstore. Catalog is searchable by tribe, author, title, topic or region.
NativeTech: Native American Technology and Art – Tara Prindle has assembled an extensive collection of resources on Native American art, crafts, literature, genealogy, food & recipes and games.
Native Voice One – Native American Radio Service
NativeWeb – Comprehensive site offers links to newsletters and journals, bibliographies, legal information, historical information and various tribal home pages. NativeWeb Law is a good resource for law and legal issues and offers a NativeWeb News Digest, a digest of national news stories, updated regularly.
Naval Historical Society – Has a number of manuscripts including Transcription of notes of a conference between Governor William Shirley and the Chiefs of the Penobscot Indians, 3 and 8 December 1741. Other items of interest include Navajo Code Talkers’ Dictionary and 20th Century Warriors: Native American Participation in the United States Military.
Navajo Art: A Way of Life – K-12 curriculum resource includes lesson plans, images, and links to other web pages. (Getty Education Institute for the Arts Arts EdNet)
Navajo National Monument – “Preserves three of the most intact cliff dwellings of the ancestral puebloan people (Hisatsinom).” The Keet Seel / Kawestima & Betatikin/Talastima cliff dwellings in Tsegi Canyon can only be reached by foot. Permits are required for Keet Seel, a 17-mile hike (limited to 20 hikers per day.) Call to find out more about this hike (928-672-2700). “Betatakin guided hikes are available every day at 8:30 and 11 AM during the summer months and most days at 10:00 am (local time) from early September to late May. It is a three- to four-hour, five-mile ranger-guided tour.” There are two free campgrounds. “Camping at Keet Seel is available for backpackers at a primitive campground, 1/2 mile from the ruins. Composting toilets are available and no campfires are allowed. Carry a stove if you wish to cook.” See Navajo Administrative History for background. In Gallica, a digital library of the Biblioth&egraveque nationale de France, is the full-text of Preliminary report on a visit to the Navaho National Monument, Arizona by Jesse Walter Fewkes, Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin 50, 1911 (35 pages in all). Betatakin is described on p. 12, and Kitsiel (Keet Seel or Kiet Siel) on p. 16.
Navajo Rugs of Hubbell Trading Post – National Historic Site is administered by the National Park Service and houses one of the world’s finest collection of Navajo rugs.
Navajo Code Talkers – Harrison Lapahie Jr.
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art – Kansas City, Missouri, museum has an American Indian Art Collection.
New Mexico’s Digital Collections
Ben Wittick Photo Collection – 576 photographs, many depicting Navajo and Zuni culture.
New Perspectives on the West – PBS online companion to the television series by Ken Burns and Stephen Ives. The site is searchable and has an excellent collection of photographs and documents.
New York Public Library Picture Collection Online – “30,000 digitized, public domain images from books, magazines and newspapers as well as original photographs prints and postcards, mostly created before 1923.” You can also browse by subject, title, name and author.
New York State Library Excelsior Online Catalog
New York State Library Scanned Documents Collection: 900 History
Life among the Indians, or, Personal reminiscences and historical incidents illustrative – By James B. Finley, 1859.
New York Times: Books – Provides access to the most recent New York Times Book Review, its back issues, reviews from the daily paper and a searchable archive of over 50,000 book reviews back to 1980. You can read First Chapters from selected books, browsable by author, for Fiction and Nonfiction. For example you can read Among the Sioux a review by Tracy Kidder of of Ian Frazier’s On the Rez which appeared in the January 16, 2000 New York Times Book Review, or ‘On the Rez’: Looking for a ‘Big Sky’ and Finding Despair, Michiko Kakutani’s review from January 4th, 2000. You can also read the first chapter of the book. Other reviews and first chapters include In a Barren Land, by Paula Mitchell Marks and Gardens in the Dunes by Leslie Marmon Silko. The New York Times site requires registration, but it is free.
Newberry Library – Located in Chicago, the library has a strong historical collection including Native American history and literature in its D’Arcy McNickle Center for American Indian History. Provides access to online catalog.
News
Native American Times
National Native News
News from Indian Country
NativeWeb News Digest
Native Voice
Native Voice One
Native America Calling
Native American Public Telecommunications(NAPT)
Indian Country Today
Indianz.com
North, South, East, West: Native Visions of the Natural World – Carnegie Museum of Natural History explores four different visions of living in and with the natural world: the Tlingit of the Northwest Coast, the Hopi of the Southwest, the Iroquois of the Northeast, and the Lakota of the Plains.
Northwest History Database – Washington State University Libraries. “Core of the database is the Northwest newspaper clippings collection. The newspaper articles were collected and organized in the late 1930’s by dedicated historians working for the Works Progress Administration.” Try an advanced search by subject for Native American, Native Americans, Indian, Reservation, Klickitat, Warm Springs, Cascade, Nespelem, Yakima, Colville, Nez Perce, Chief Joseph, Lapwai, Lawrence Nicodemus, Spokane, salmon etc.
“Keller Salmon Day Dramatic” – Spokesman-Review, May 29, 1927.
“Nespelem Sees Great Spectacle” – Spokane Chronicle, July 13, 1928. “Colvilles, Spokanes, Okanogans, Methows, San Poils, Kalispels, Flatheads, yakimas, Umatillas, Coer d’Alenes and Nez Perces were prsent in the greatest gathering the Indians of the Nespelem valley have ever entertained and it was estimated that 2000 witnessed the closing parade.”
Northern Arizona University Cline Library Special Collections and Archives Image Database – There is a Finding Guide which provides descriptions and indicates which collections have been digitized. For example, the Philip Johnston Collection, with 245 images, documents life on the Navajo Reservation between 1895-1945. The 93 images in the Jo Mora Collection shows Hopi villages, dances, and daily life; ranching and ranchlife. (Jo Mora was a sculptor, painter, illustrator, muralist and author).
Office of American Indian Trust – U.S. Department of the Interior. Has useful collection of links.
Office of Tribal Justice – U.S. Department of Justice
Ohwejagehka: Ha`degaenage – “Nonprofit organization based on Six Nations of the Grand River in Ontario Canada that was established to help preserve and nurture the Iroquoian languages and songs.” With descriptions and RealAudio samples of Iroquois Earth Songs.
Ogden Family Papers – Contents description, William L. Clements Library, University of Michigan. “The Ogden Land Company, purchased huge tracts of land from Indians of the Six Nations and resold it to whites at an enormous profit.”
Oglala Lakota College Archives – Contains the Jeanne Smith Collection. The bulk of the material consists of “family and community histories of the Pine Ridge Reservation, especially white men who married full-blood Lakota women. All subjects in the collection are related to the Pine Ridge Reservation and the Lakota people, history, genealogy (white/Indians inter-marrying), and government.” See also Selected Collections: Folder Lists.
Omaha Indian Music – “Features traditional Omaha music from the 1890s and 1980s. The multiformat ethnographic field collection contains 44 wax cylinder recordings collected by Francis La Flesche and Alice Cunningham Fletcher between 1895 and 1897, 323 songs and speeches from the 1983 Omaha harvest celebration pow-wow, and 25 songs and speeches from the 1985 Hethu’shka Society concert at the Library of Congress. Segments from interviews with members of the Omaha tribe conducted in 1983 and 1999 provide contextual information for the songs and speeches included in the collection. Supplementing the collection are black-and-white and color photographs taken during the 1983 pow-wow and the 1985 concert, as well as research materials that include fieldnotes and tape logs pertaining to the pow-wow.” (American Memory, Library of Congress.)
On Tribal Land, an Arson Leads to Murder, Prison – by Gary Fields, Wall Street Journal, August 13, 2007. “There are 3,470 American Indians serving time in the federal prison system. That’s more, proportionately, than any other racial group.”
On the Rez – Article by Ian Frazier about the Oglala Sioux Indians who live on thePine Ridge Reservation, in southwestern South Dakota. (From Atlantic Monthly, December, 1999)
Oneida Indian Nation – New York. (There’s also a site for the Oneida Nation in Wisconsin.)
Oregon Legislative Commission on Indian Services – With a useful 65 page Oregon directory of American Indian resources(in pdf format).
Oyate – “Native organization working to see that our lives and histories are portrayed honestly, and so that all people will know our stories belong to us … Our work includes evaluation of texts, resource materials and fiction by and about Native peoples; conducting of teacher workshops, in which participants learn to evaluate children’s material for anti-Indian biases; administration of a small resource center and library; and distribution of children’s, young adult, and teacher books and materials, with an emphasis on writing and illustration by Native people.”
Pauline Johnson Archive – First Native poet to have her work published in Canada, Johnson was the daughter of a Mohawk Native-Canadian father and an English mother. She used the Mohawk name “Tekahionwake” and gave popular recitals of her poetry, comedy routines and plays from Halifax to Vancouver. Located in the Mills Memorial Archive of McMaster University, the archive contains an abundance of material including correspondence, photographs, postcards and manuscripts.
Paul G. Reilly Indian Collection – Also known as the Seneca Nation of Indians Land Claims Collection, “Paul G. Reilly served as attorney of record for the land claims initiated by the Seneca Nation of Indians and the Tonawanda Band of Senecas before the Indian Land Commission between 1948 and 1976.” Provides History of Seneca Land Claims. (Buffalo State Archives)
Peabody Essex Museum – Salem, Massachusetts. Among their past exhibitions are Indian Market:New Directions in Southwestern Native American Pottery and The Master Prints of Edwards S. Curtis: Portraits of Native America.

Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology – Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. Access is provided to Symbols, the the Peabody Museum’s annual magazine. Google Books provides full text access to a small number of volumes of the Papers of the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1904, 1910, 1911, 1920, 1922). Online Exhibitions include: Rainmakers from the Gods: Hopi Katsinam, Ethnography of Lewis and Clark: Native American Objects and the American Quest for Commerce and Science, Gifting and Feasting in the Northwest Coast Potlatch, and Against the Winds: American Indian Running Traditions. Online Collections “provides access to the Peabody Museum’s database for objects, paintings, prints, drawings, and photographs. The Peabody’s Online Database offers access to over 300,000 records for which there are images.” Searching by collector name is always interesting: Edward G. Fast, William R. Wright, Especially interesting are the mural paintings from Awotovi on Antelope Mesa (“Mural painting full scale reproduction on sand ground”). See Peabody accession numbers: 39-97-10/23059C, 39-97-10/23108C, 39-97-10/22988C, 39-97-10/23111C (Smith/Ewing Figure 78b), 39-97-10/23108C (Smith/Ewing Plate F). Search for photographs of people: Helen Claflin and Madeleine Amsden (2004.1.123.1.33)
Childs beaded moccasins in floral motif – Cree, William R. Wright, donor, #995-29-10/73427

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission – Includes the Pennsylvania State Archives which describes the holdings for Minutes of the Provincial Council, 1682-1775. There is also information on the Conrad Weiser Homestead.
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection – Located at the University of Texas, Austin, the Library has a section devoted to Historical Maps of the United States.
Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies – Official journal of the Pennsylvania Historical Association (PHA). Provides all back issues of the journal–beginning with Vol. 1 (1934) and continuing up through Vol. 67 (2000). The site is searchable. (Some years are not yet available). Articles of interest include: George Morgan, Indian Agenet Extraordinary, 1776-1779, by Randolph C. Downes (October, 1934) 202-216; How the Indians Came to Carlisle by Louis Morton, 29 (January 1962), 53-73; George Washington’s Route from Venango to Fort Le Bouef, 175_, by Paul A.W. Wallace, 28 (October 1961), 325-334; Pennsylvania and the Albany Congress, 1754 by Roger R. Trask, 27 (July 1960), 273-290;
Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Indian Committee Records, ca. 1745-1983 – Special Collections, Haverford College. They have an extensive Quaker Collection which contains a great deal of material on Friends and the Indians. (Search the online catalog for indians society of friends.) There are descriptions of the Jonathan Richards Papers, 1870-1881, the Hoag Indian Papers 1865-1883, the John B. Garrett Papers, 1853-1961 and the Associated Executive Committee of Friends on Indian Affairs, 1758-1929.
Phoebe Hearst Museum of Anthropology – University of California at Berkeley.
Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases – Analyses and scientific abstacts for thousands of plants assembled by James A. Duke, an ethnobotanist at the Beltsville Agricultural Research Center, Beltsville, Maryland. For example, there is a list of Species used for Diabetes.
Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910 – Library of Congress site “portrays the states of Michigan, Minnesota and Wisconsin from the seventeenth to the early twentieth century through first-person accounts, biographies, promotional literature, local histories, ethnographic and antiquarian texts, colonial archival documents, and other works.” (American Memory). Full-text titles include With pen and pencil on the frontier in 1851; the diary and sketches of Frank Blackwell Mayer, an account by a Baltimore artist, who journeyed to Traverse de Sioux and Mendota on the Minnesota frontier in 1851 to record meetings between United States officials and Indian tribes who were ceding title to much of Southern Minnesota and portions of Iowa and Dakota and History of the Ottawa and Chippewa Indians of Michigan; a grammar of their language, and personal and family history of the author, by Andrew J. Blackbird, the son of a an Ottawa chief.
Place and Vision: The Function of Landscape in Native American Fiction – Full-text of Robert M. Nelson’s book originally published by Peter Lang Publishing in 1993.
Pottery
Antiquities of the upper Gila and Salt river valleys in Arizóna and New Mexico – By Walter Hough, (1859-1935), Smithsonian institution. Bureau of American ethnology ; Bulletin 35, Washington, Government printing office, 1907. The full-text of this document can be found in Gallica. Search also for Jesse Walter Fewkes.
Powhatan’s Mantle – Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. “‘Powhatan’s Mantle’ is the only surviving example of five ‘match-coats’ and habits supposedly made by the Algonquian Indians of Virginia listed in the 1656 catalogue of the Tradescant collection.”
Primary Source Microfilm Search – Thomson Gale resource is helpful in locating obscure names and places and unusual spelling. You won’t actually be able to view the primary sources. There is a useful alphabetical index. To view the entire alphabet change the url accordingly – 203000b.htm, 203000c.htm etc. Index for D has extensive notes on Thomas Dean, a Quaker missionary who represented the Brotherton Indians. You can download author index and reel listing from the author index and reel listing from Iroquois Indians: A Documentary History.
PubMed – National Library of Medicine database of over 15 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950’s. The following phrase inserted in the search box will locate over 900 articles on Diabetes: “Indians, North American”[MeSH] AND “Diabetes Mellitus”[MeSH]
Pueblo Cultural Center
Playwrights’ Workshop Montreal – Their Carol Libman On-line Script Collection offers full-text of 30 scripts by Canadian playwrights, among which is Tomson Highway’s Dry Lips Oughta Move to Kapuskasing (full-text in pdf format), the second play in the trilogy which began with The Rez Sisters. Both plays are set in the mythical Wasaychigan Hill Indian Reserve. It is a story about seven “Wasy” men and the game of Hockey.
“Ready, ‘Net, Go!” Archival Internet Resources – “Archival “meta index,” or index of archival indexes.That is, from here we refer you to the major indexes, lists, and databases of archival resources.”
Register of Professional Archaeologists – Has a directory of Registered Professional Archaeologists, searchable by name or location.
Repatriation Office – National Museum of Natural History Department of Anthropology division established in 1991 to carry out the statutory requirements of the National Museum of the American Indian Act.
* Reports of the Secretary of War – Subtitled: With Reconnaissances of Routes from San Antonio to El Paso; Also The Report of Capt. R. B. Marcy’s Route from Fort Smith to Santa Fe; and the Report of Lieut. J. H. Simpson [James Hervey Simpson (1813-1883)] of an Expedition into the Navaho Country; and The Report of Lieutenant W. H. C. Whiting’s Reconnaisances of the Western Frontier of Texas, Executive Document No. 64, U.S. Senate, 31st Congress, 1st Session, July 24, 1850. Full-text of Harvard University copy bequeathed by Francis Parkman can be found in Google Books. Of particular interest is Journal of a military reconnaisance from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Navajo country, made with the troops under the command of Brevet Lieutenant Colonel John M. Washington, chief of the 9th military department, and governor of New Mexico, in 1849, by James H. Simpson, A.M., First Lieutenat Corps of Topographical Engineers. The journal (pp. 55-168) includes several appendices and “seventy-five sketches and drawings of great interest and highly necessary to illustrate the report.” Watson Smith describes Simpson as an “interested and careful observer” (p. 84, Kiva Mural Decorations at Awativiand Kawaika-a). The journal describes August and September 1849. “I also submit a number of sketches illustrative of the personal, natural, and artificial objects met with on the route, including portraits of distinguished chiefs, costume, scenery, singular geological formations, petrifactions, ruins, and fac similes of ancient inscriptions found engraven on the side walls of a rock of stupendous proportions, and of fair surface. (Simpson gives credit to his assistants, brothers R. H. Kern and E. M. Kern, for the maps and sketches). The plates begin on p. 251. See, for example, Color Plate #6, You-Pel-Lay, or the Green Corn Dance of the Jemez Indians, August 19th (1849). See also Navaho Expedition: Journal of a Military Reconnaissance from Santa Fe, New Mexico, to the Navaho Country Made in 1849 edited and annotated by Frank McNitt, Norman, University of Oklahoma Press [1964].
Research Guide for American Indian Studies – Ida Martinez, Reference Librarian, Cornell University Library
Researching American Indian Law – Nancy D. Stancel, Librarian, University of Missouri-Kansas City School of Law.
Return of the Natives: An eight-part series – Series on Northeast Indians by Daniel P. Jones, David Lightman, Hilary Waldman, Kenton Robinson, Edmund Mahony and Steve Grant that appeared in the Hartford Courant between May 22 and May 29, 1994. Unbroken treaties: How a new generation got the law on its side provides an account of how Syracuse attorney George C. Shattuck won a unanimous ruling in 1974 from the U.S. Supreme Court for the Oneidas (Oneida Indian Nation of New York State v. County of Oneida, New York, 414 U.S. 661, argued Nov. 6 and 7, 1973, decided Jan. 21, 1974). Related decisions include County of Oneida, New York v. Oneida Indian Nation of New York State, 470 U.S. 226, decided March 4, 1985 and Oneida Indian Nation v. County of Oneida, No. 70-CV-35, United States District Court, July 12, 1977. In Oneida & Madison Counties v. Oneida Indian Nation, 470 U.S. 226, argued Oct. 1, 1984 and decided March 4, 1985, the Oneidas sued two New York State counties seeking damages representing fair rental value of the land presently owned and occupied by the counties. Shattuck wrote a book on the issue The Oneida Land Claims: A Legal History, Syracuse University Press, 1991. ($19.95). On March 29, 2005, in City of Sherrill v. Oneida Indian Nation of N. Y., the Supreme Court decided that the Oneida Tribe cannot expand its tax-exempt holdings by buying up property that has been outside its reservation for generations.
La Revue d’histoire de l’Amérique française – “Consacrée à l’histoire du Québec, du Canada français et de l’Amérique française.” Offers full-text articles (in French). Le voyage de Radisson et Des Groseilliers au lac Supérieur, 1659-1660: un événement marquant dans la consolidation des relations franco-amérindiennes by Martin Fournier (Automne 1998) describes Radisson’s travel narratives which contain many precise and often exclusive details about the first commercial and diplomatic relations between Europeans and native Americans in the second half of the 17th century. (See also Radisson and Groseilliers and The Explorers.)
Rockin’ Warriors – Documentary about contemporary Native American music, its artists and roots. With photos, video & audio.
Royal Ontario Museum – Toronto. The site is searchable and provides access to the Library. With an online exhibition on Homes of the Past: The Archaeology of an Iroquoian Longhouse.
Salon Magazine: Books – Searchable, with archives. From the New Yorker to the rez is a Feb. 1, 2000 interview with Ian Frazier, author of On the Rez. A search for Sherman Alexie retrieved 10 results.
Samuel Proctor Oral History Program – University of Florida. The Native Americans Oral History Collections “has more than 900 interviews with Native Americans –including Seminoles, Cherokees, and Creeks.”
School of American Research – Santa Fe. “Center for advanced study in anthropology, the humanities and Native American Art.” Catherine McElvain Library has an online catalog, there is an Indian Arts Research Center,the SAR Press, and a list of Resident Scholars.
Selected American Indian Artifacts – Part of the ArtsEdNet Multicultural Art Print Series which provides art prints and curriculum materials for elementary, middle school, and high school grade levels.
Seminole Tribune – Searchable, and with archives dating back to 1996.
Seneca-Iroquois National Museum – Salamanca, New York (716-945-1760).
Seneca Nation of Indians – New York
Senate Committee on Indian Affairs – Offers press releases, and information on legislation, and hearings.
Sharlot Hall Museum – Prescott, Arizona. See Native American Resoruces
Sid Richardson Collection of Western Art – Fort Worth, Texas museum houses a permanent exhibition of 56 paintings by Western artists, Frederic Remington and Charles M. Russell.
Sipapu: The Anasazi Emergence into the Cyber World – By John Kantner an assistant professor in the Anthropology and Geology Department at the University of California at Santa Barbara.
The Six Nations: Oldest Living Participatory Democracy on Earth
Six Nations Women Singers – Short article by J. Poet in the Fall 1999 Native Peoples Magazine about We Will All Sing by Six Nations Women Singers, a collection of traditional social songs from the Seneca, Onondaga, and Cayuga Nations. (Amazon provides RealAudio sound clips from the cd.).
Smithsonian Folkways Recordings: American Indian
Smithsonian: Native American History and Culture – Selected links to sites hosted by Smithsonian Institution museums and organizations.
SOAR: Searchable Online Archive of Recipes – Has a collection of Native American Recipes as does NativeTech.
Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA) – They offer Journal Contents: A comprehensive listing of articles on American Indian Languages in more than 100 journals (1988-present) which is searchable by keyword, a Dissertation & Thesis Index, Book Announcements, a catalog of Learning Aids, organized by Indian languages or groups of languages, Internet Links and the SSILA Bulletin in pdf format.
Song Catcher, Frances Densmore of Red Wing – Minnesota Public Radio site about Frances Densmore who spent her life trying to gather up scraps and artifacts of the old Indian ways for the Smithsonian Institution. The site consits of audio files, interviews and photographs. Provides a Table of Contents.
SOSIG: Ethnography and Anthropology – Subject directory, with annotations, of web resources assembled by SOSIG (Social Science Information Gateway). See also Anthropology with Map.
Southwestern Native Americans Digital Archive – University of Southern California archive “contains over 1,000 images, dating between 1890 and 1905 that were created or collected by George Wharton James. They document Native American reservation and Southwestern mission daily life and culture and include images of the Agua Caliente, Cahuilla, Hopi, Mohave, Pala, Paum, Yokut, and Yuma peoples.”
Spalding-Allen Collection – Nez Perce National Historic Museum, Spalding Idaho
Spirit: A Journey in Dance, Drums and Song – Peter Buffett’s “music, dance and percussion spectacle that combines the power of contemporary music with the songs, chants and dances of Native American culture.”
State and Local Government on the Net: Tribal Governments – Piper Resources guide.
Staatliche Museen zu Berlin – North American Indians are represented by 30,000 objects in the Die Magazinräume des Ethnologischen Museums (see Interactive Map).
Sto:lo Electronic Library – Sto:lo Nation site is “designed for use by grades ten to twelve students, [and] consists of 18 essays on Stó:lo culture and history, supplemented with images and sounds, 4 appendices, and a glossary of key words.”
Sundance Film Festival – Their Online Resource Center offers a Native Forum category. Curated by Heather Rae, the 2001 Festival includes 13 films and videos dealing with issues relevant to indigenous people. (For more on the Native Forum see Dances With Indigenous Films by Jason Silverman. Wired News, January 19, 2001, Sundance Again Showcases Films by American Indians by Vince Horiuchi, Salt Lake Tribune, January 24, 1999 and Park City 2000: Native Forum Breaks Out by Beth Pinsker, Indiewire, January 24, 2000.)
Sweat – Excerpts from Sweat: the illustrated history and description of the Finnish sauna, Russian bania, Islamic hammam, Japanese mushi-buro, Mexican Temescal, and American Indian & Eskimo sweat lodge by Mikkel Aaland (published in 1978 by Capra Press) include History of Sweat Lodges, A Guest at an Oglala Sun Dance Ceremony, Joining Running Foot in a Navajo Sweat Lodge, Hot Rock Sweat Lodge, Direct Fire Sweat Lodge, Sweating Without a Sweat Lodge, Origin of the Temescal and The Temescal Today.
Sylvia Davis v. United States – United States Court of Appeals, Tenth Circuit, September 21, 1999. Sylvia Davis, a Seminole Indian (who is also African-American) of Shawnee, Oklahoma, was denied government assistance funds by the tribe on the grounds that she did not possess a Certificates of Degree of Indian Blood for her son.
Talking History – Organization of American Historians. There is a Show Selector. There are interviews with Charles C. Mann, author of 1491: New Revelations of the Americas Before Columbus, (December 19, 2005) and with Camilla Townsend, author of Pocahontas and the Powhatan Dilemma (March 13, 2006).
Tears in the Sand – Rocky Mountain PBS video about the Sand Creek Massacre offers interview transcripts and QuickTime video.
Texts by and about Native Americans from the Modern English Collection – From the outstanding Electronic Text Center at the University of Virginia. Some items available to UVA users only. Titles include The School Days of an Indian Girl by Zitkala-Sa and An Indian Boy’s Story by Ah-nen-la-de-ni (his American name was Daniel La France). “My father was a pure-blooded Indian of the Mohawk tribe of the Six Nations, and our home was in the St. Regis reservation in Franklin County, N. Y.”
THOMAS: U. S. Congress on the Internet – Locate legislation. Search by subject (Federal aid to Indians, Federal-Indian relations, Indians, Indian children, Indian claims, Indian economic development, Indian education, Indian gambling operations, Indian Lands, Indian law enforcement, Indian Medical Care, Indian water rights, Internet Gambling, etc.) or by bill number (S.1507, S.614, S.692, S.1290, S.613, H.R.1944, H.R.3125, etc.)
Thomas Jefferson Papers – Library of Congress collection consists of over 83,000 images including correspondence, commonplace books, financial account books, and manuscript volumes. Searchable by keyword or browsable by collection.
Thus Spoke Chief Seattle: The Story of An Undocumented Speech – By Jerry L. Clark, Prologue: Quarterly of the National Archives and Records Administration, Spring 1985, vol. 18, no. 1.
Time of Visions: Interviews by Larry Abbott – Nineteen interviews with contemporary Native American artists.
To the Totem Forests: Emily Carr and Contemporaries Interpret Coastal Villages – Drawings, paintings and prints created by Emily Carr, Walter Phillips, A.Y. Jackson, George Pepper, Langdon Kihn and F.M. Bell-Smith are accompanied by first-person testimony, anthropological records and historical photographs depicting Northwest Coast monumental sculpture. (Virtual exhibition of the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria.)
Tracy Marks’ Native American Bookmarks – Collection of links to art, music and women’s resources.
Traders: Voices from the Trading Post – Site includes history of the United Indian Traders Association (UITA), which was founded in 1860 for traders primarily on the Navajo, Hopi, and Zuni reservations. There are over 40 Oral Histories, available in written transcripts or audio files, exhibits of trade goods, and a clickable Map of Reservation lands.

Treaties
Avalon Project at Yale Law School – Collection of documents in law, history and diplomacy has texts of Treaties Between the United States and Native Americans, Statutes of the United States Concerning Native Americans and Relations Between the United States and Native Americans.
Bringing Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties to the World Wide Web – Suzanne L. Holcombe, Oklahoma State University Library. Presentation at the Proceedings of the 9th Annual Federal Depository Library Conference, October 22 – 25, 2000.
“I desire all that I have said … may be taken down aright”: Revisiting Teedyuscung’s 1756 Treaty Council Speeches – By James H. Merrell, William & Mary Quarterly, Vol. LXIII, No. 4, October, 2006, pp. 777-826.
Early Recognized Treaties with American Indian Nations – Electronic Text Center, University of Nebraska Libraries. See “The last few American Indian Treaties–An Extension of the Charles J. Kappler Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties Internet site at the Olahoma State University” by Charles D. Bernholz, Brian L. Pytlik Zillig, Laura K. Weakly and Zacharia A. Bajaber, Library Collections, Acquisitions & Technical Services 30 (2006) 47-43.
Kappler’s Indian Affairs: Laws & Treaties – “Historically significant, seven volume compilation of U.S.treaties, laws and executive orders pertaining to Native American Indian tribes. The volumes cover U.S. Government treaties with Native Americans from 1778-1883 (Volume II) and U.S. laws and executive orders concerning Native Americans from 1871-1970 (Volumes I, III-VII). The work was first published in 1903-04 by the U.S. Government Printing Office. Enhanced by the editors’ use of margin notations and a comprehensive index, the information contained in Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties is in high demand by Native peoples, researchers, journalists, attorneys, legislators, teachers and others of both Native and non-Native origins.” A project of the Oklahoma State University Library. Provides 366 of the 375 treaties recognized by the U.S. Department of State.

Tribal Connections in the Pacific Northwest – Health resources on the Internet for American Indian and Alaska Native communities. (Funded by the National Library of Medicine.)
Tribal Court Clearinghouse – Resource for tribal justice systems and others involved in the enhancement of justice in Indian country. Among the site’s resources are Tribal Codes and Constitutions, Native American Justice Systems and Law Review Articles and Essays.
Tribal Preservation Program – National Park Service. Has a directory of Tribal Web Sites.
Tyendinaga Mohawk Territory – Offers information about the territory in What is Tyendinaga?. You can listen to KWE Radio Live (105.9 FM).
Ulali – First Nations Women’s Acapella Trio, with audio clips.
UMI Research Collections ($) – Microfilm collection of original source material has a section on Native American Studies.
* Getty Union List of Artist Names – You can lookup by nationality. A search for Native American, for example, retrieves over 1500 names.
U.S. Census Bureau – Has links to the latest trend data for Minorities including American Indian and Alaska Native Populations. Historical data is available in the1890 Census of Population and Housing which has Extra Census Bulletins for
The five civilized tribes in Indian territory: The Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole Nations,
Indians. Eastern bank of Cherokees of North Carolina by by Thomas Donaldson,
The Six Nations of New York. Cayugas, Mohawks (Saint Regis), Oneidas, Onondagas, Senecas, Tuscaroras and the
Moqui Pueblo Indians of Arizona and Pueblo Indians of New Mexico.
United States Code – Offered by Cornell University’s Legal Information Institute. Searchable.
U.S. Code Search – Office of the Law Revision Counsel
U.S. Department of Housing an Urban Development (HUD) – Has a Native Americans section, which they define as a one-stop shopping page which contains information from all parts of HUD’s web site of interest to Native Americans.
U.S. Department of the Interior – Has information on and for American Indians. There is a DOI Library with an online catalog and Legal Sources which include Bureau of Indian Affairs Laws and Executive Orders.
United States District Court for the Northern District of New York – You can search for decisions. For example, you’ll find the October 18, 2001 opinion (01-CR-259), United States of America vs. Jennifer R. Johnson, in which United States District Judge David N. Hurd upheld the Border Patrol’s use of a temporary inland checkpoint to stop four illegal aliens (from Pakistan, Romania, the Dominican Republic and Bangladesh) and their driver, Jennifer Johnson, an Akwesnasne Mohawk.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service: Native American Northeast Region
Federally Recognized Tribes within the Northeast Region
University of Nebraska Press – Strong in the field of Native studies and history of the American West, the site is searchable and provides current and recent catalogs online.
University of Oklahoma Press – Publishes a number of books on the American Indian, including the American Indian Literature And Critical Studies Series and The Civilization of The American Indian Series. Documents of American Indian Diplomacy: Treaties, Agreements, and Conventions, 1775-1979 edited by Raymond J. DeMallie and Vine Deloria, Jr., is part of the Legal History of North America series.
University of Washington Libraries Digital Collections – Among the collections:
American Indians of the Pacific Northwest – “Extensive digital collection of original photographs and documents about the Northwest Coast and Plateau Indian cultures, complemented by essays written by anthropologists, historians, and teachers about both particular tribes and cross-cultural topics.”
McKenney and Hall Indian Tribes of North America – “Text and 121 hand colored lithographs from: the history of the Indian tribes of North America, with biographical sketches and anecdotes of the principal chiefs.”
University of Washington Medicinal Herb Garden – Access by botanical or common name. Provides photographs, brief description, and links to Medline, Mrs. Grieve’s Modern Herbal, AGIS EthnobotDB and AGIS Medicinal Plants of North America DB.
University Publications of America – Their American Studies collection has a Native American Studies collection. (Note: This site provides descriptive material only and does not provide access to the actual documents.)
Upper Midwest Rock Art Research Association – Petroglyph and pictograph research.
Utah History Encyclopedia – 575 articles by over two hundred contributors on individuals, organizations, locations, institutions, and topics important to Utah history. Edited by Allan Kent Powell and originally published by the University of Utah Press. You can also search the Utah Collections Multimedia Encyclopedia.
Voices from the Gaps: Women Writers of Color – “Ongoing collaborative effort between faculty and students in the Department of English and the Program in American Studies at the University of Minnesota.” There is a section on Indigenous/Native American women writers, with extensive biographical and bibliographical material and links to other resources.
Voyage to Another Universe – Karen M. Strom’s dense and heavily hyperlinked account of her 17 day trip through Arizona and New Mexico in 1994 is full of photographs, poetry and intelligent commentary. There is a Table of Contents. Strom maintains the comprehensive Index of Native American Resources on the Internet. (See also her Travels With Daniel and Thanksgiving in the Yucatan).

WGBH Forum Network – Archived lectures related to Native American Culture and Heritage include:
Native American Slave Trade in New England – April 22, 2004.
Native Americans and the Boston Harbor Islands – May 7, 2003.

Wanamaker Collection of Photographs of American Indians – Mathers Museum of World Cultures, Indiana University. Collection consists of images of American Indians from 150 tribes made between 1908 and 1923 by Joseph Kossuth Dixo (not available online). Reading Photographs provides more information about the collection.
Waste Management in Indian Country – U.S. Environmental Protection Agency provides publications, educational materials, funding sources, federal and tribal regulations and links to other federal agencies, tribal programs and professional associations.
Web Resources for Tribal Libraries – Elaine M. Cubbins provides links to potential funding sources for North American Indian tribal libraries. Her sections on Useful Websites for Tribal Libraries and Evaluating American Indian Web Sites are valuable resources.
Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents – Published every Monday by the Office of the Federal Register, National Archives and Records Administration and contains statements, messages, and other Presidential materials released by the White House during the preceding week. A search for Navajo in the year 2000, for example, retrieves 23 results, one of which contains President Clinton’s Remarks to the People of the Navajo Nation in Shiprock, New Mexico on April 17, 2000.
Wild Apache Native American Links
William L. Clements Library – University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. “The Clements Library collects primary source materials in all formats relating to the history of America prior to the mid-twentieth century. The holdings are particularly strong in the intellectual, cultural, and military history of the late colonial period, the Early Republic, and the 19th century…”
William N. Fenton Papers – American Philosophical Society. “A Yale-educated ethnographer, William [Nelson] Fenton [1908-2005] devoted most of his career to study of the Iroquois Indians of New York State and Canada. Receiving his doctorate in 1937, Fenton worked with the Bureau of American Ethnology for a number of years before becoming Director of the New York State Museum and professor at SUNY Albany.” Fenton’s major works are the 786 page The Great Law and the Longhouse: a Political History of the Iroquois Confederacy, University of Oklahoma Press, 1998 and the 522 page The False Faces of the Iroquois, University of Oklahoma Press, 1987.
A Woodsplint Basket – Harvard Magazine, March-April 2002: Volume 104, Number 4.
Winter Counts – Plains Indians used buffalo hide paintings to record historical events. There are several articles on winter counts in the Bureau of American ethnology which is available full-text in Gallica, biblioth&egraveque numérique de la Biblioth&egraveque nationale de France. To locate the articles, do a search (recherche) for the title (Mots du titre) bureau of american ethnology. From your results, select Annual report of the Bureau of American ethnology: to the Secretary of the Smithsonian institution (Voir la liste des fascicules). This will bring up a list of all the titles they own, from 1881 (N 01 / 1879-1880) to 1933 (N 048 / 1930-1931). Pictographs of the North American Indians, Fourth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 1886 (1882-1883) has 58 pages of text and 46 full-page plates devoted to the winter counts of the Dakota Indians and in the Tenth Annual Report of the Bureau of Ethnology, 1983 (1888-1889) there is an article by Garrick Mallery on Picture-Writing of the American Indians.
Wisconsin Judicare’s Indian Law Office – Indian law at the tribal, state, and federal levels. Includes Seminal Supreme Court Decisions, Map of Indian Lands In Wisconsin.

Wright American Fiction, 1851-1875 – Collection of 19th century American fiction, as listed in Lyle Wright’s bibliography which attempts to include every novel published in the United States from 1851 to 1875. Project of the Indiana University Digital Library Program. There are currently 2,887 volumes included (2,109 unedited, 778 fully edited and encoded) by 1,394 authors. You can search the full-text. Wright “listed a total of 2,923 titles in adult fiction, including “novels, novelettes, romances, short stories, tall tales, tract-like tales, allegories, and fictitious biographies and travels, in prose” (from the introduction), and inventoried 18 American libraries for holdings. This compilation is part of his three-volume set listing American fiction from 1774 through 1900, and is still considered the most comprehensive bibliography of American adult fiction of the 18th and 19th centuries.” The libraries inventoried were: American Antiquarian Society, Athenaeum of Philadelphia, Boston Athenaeum, Boston Public Library, Brown University Library, Columbia University Library, Harvard University Library, Henry E. Huntington Library, Library of Congress, Library Company of Philadelphia, Newberry Library, New York Historical Society Library, New York Public Library, University of Chicago Library, University of Minnesota Library, University of Pennsylvania Library, University of Virginia library, Yale University Library. You can also search by Wright numbers (search by idno). Relevant titles include:
The Knight of the Golden Melice (also published as the Whte Chief among the Red Men) – By John Turvill Adams (1805-1882), New York: Derby & Jackson, 1857 (Wright 20).
General Sherman’s Indian Spy – By Wesley Bradshaw (1837-1927), Philadelphia: C.W. Alexander, 1865 (Wright 46).
The Fawn of the Pale Faces, or, Two Centuries Ago – By John Pierce Brace (1793-1872), New York : Appleton, 1853 (Wright 333).
Therese, or, The Iroquois Maiden (1852) – By Osgood Bradbury, Boston: G.H. Williams, 1852 (Wright 352).
Adventures in the Apache Country – By J. Ross Browne (1821-1875), New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869 (Wright 397).
Ah-meek, the Beaver; or, The Copper-hunters of Lake Superior – By William H. Bushnell (1823- ), New York: American News Co., 1867, (Wright 436). Many of Bushnell’s sketches of Indian life were written under the name “Frank Webber.”
Little Wolf: a tale of the Western Frontier – By Mrs. Mary Ann (Mann) Cornelius, Cincinnati: Journal and Messenger, 1872 (Wright 637). Takes place in Minnesota.
Garangula, the Ongua-Honwa Chief: A tale of Indian Life Among the Mohawks and Onondagas, Two Hundred Years Ago – By “A Citizen of Milwaukee”, Milwaukee : Strickland, 1857 (Wright 974).
General Sheridan’s Squaw Spy, and Mrs. Clara Blynn’s Captivity Among the Wild Indians of the Prairies – Anonymous, Philadelphia: Cooperative Publishing House, 1869 (Wright 992). Major General Philip H. Sheridan and the Battle of the Washita.
Gertrude Morgan, or, Life and Adventures Among the Indians of the Far West – Anonymous, Philadelphia: Barclay, 1866 (Wright 999).
An Adventure on a Frozen Lake: A Tale of the Canadial Rebellion of 1837-8 – By Jedediah Hunt, Cincinnati, Ben Franklin Book and Job Office, 1853 (Wright 1305). Also contains The Massacre at Owego: An Indian Tale (pp. 39-46).
Thayendanegea, the Scourge, or, the War-Eagle of the Mohawks: A Tale of Mystery, Ruth, and Wrong – By Ned Buntline [pseud. of Edward Zane Carroll Judson], (1822 or 3-1886), New York: F.A. Brady, [1858] (Wright 1451).
The Wild Rose of the Beaver – By Rudloph Leonhart (1832-) Tidioute, Pa.: G.A. Needle, 1873 (Wright 1537a). Western Pennsylvaniain in 1782.
Old Fort Duquesne, or, Captain Jack, the Scout – By Charles McKnight (1826-1881), Pittsburgh: Peoples Monthly Publishing Co., 1873 (Wright 1638).
1698
Miss Annie Coleson’s Own Narrative of Her Captivity Among the Sioux Indians – By Ann Coleson, Philadelphia : Barclay, [1875], (Wright 1716).
Camp Fires of the Red Men, or, A Hundred Years Ago – By J. R. Orton (1806-1867), New York: J.C. Derby, 1855, (Wright 1824)
The Story of Fort Hill: Giving an Account of Many Interesting Adventures Between the White and Indinas, Previous to the Settlement of Auburn – By Frederic Prince, Auburn: P.J. Becker, 1859 (Wright 1965). “When Fort Hill Was An Indian Battle Ground”.
The Royal Greens, or, The Scout of the Susquehanna: A Tale of the Valley of Wyoming. – By J. H. Robinson, New York: S. French, [n.d.]. (Wright 2083).
Me-Won-I-Toc: A Tale of Frontier Life and Indian Character – By Solon Robinson, New York: New York News Co., 1867 (Wright 2099). Takes place in Michigan and Illinois. Subtitled: Exhibiting Traditions, Superstitions, anc Character of a Race that is Passing Away. A Romance of the Frontier.
The Doomed Chief, or, Two Hundred Years Ago – By Daniel P. Thompson (1795-1868), Philadelphia: J.W. Bradley, 1860 (Wright 2472).
The True Narrative of the Five Years Suffering and Perilous Adventures – By Miss Barber, Wife of “Squatting Bear,” A Celebrated Sioux Chief, Philadelphia, Barclay [1872], (Wright 2556). “”Miss Barber, a native of Massachusetts, in her religious enthusiasm, resolved to go among the Indians, as missionary, and with that purpose in view married Squatting Bear, at Washington D.C. After five years of suffering and stirring adventures, this beautiful young lady has just returned East, and her narrative is one of deep and entrancing interest. A valuable feature of this work is the Indian receipts, given by Miss Barber, for the cure of various diseases. They are very efficacious.” (From title page)

Yahoo: American Indian Tribal Colleges – Directory. Other good sources are Lisa Mitten’s Tribal Colleges, Native Studies Programs, and Indian Education and the AIHEC’s list of Tribal Colleges.
Yamada Language Center – Guide to Internet language resources provides links to sites for Cherokee, Choctaw, Cree, Dakota, Inuit, Iroquois, Lakota, Ojibwe, Oneida and Osage languages.
yourDictionary.com – Provides links to Language Dictionaries for North American Languages which include Iroquoian.
Zuni murals connect two cultures – Murals painted on the walls of Our Lady of Guadalupe on the Zuni reservation in western New Mexico by Alex Seowtewa and sons Ken and Edwin. (See also Adding a Breath to Zuni Life.)